Blackwood

flower of blackwood
The flower of the Blackwood (Acacia melanoxylon).
Image: Rodney Start
Source: Museum Victoria

Moeang (Woi wurrung), Yanun or Yoman (Gunaikurnai), Moyan (Taungurung)

Botanical name: Acacia melanoxylon
Family: Fabaceae

Uses

The fibre of this tree can be used to make fishing lines while its timber provides weapons such as woomera, shields and throwing-sticks. It also has medicinal uses: an infusion of its bark can be used to treat rheumatic joints.

Distribution

Blackwoods grow in cool temperate rainforests, dry grassy forest, riparian scrub, plains grassland and dry sclerophyll forests. They are found in Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania and South Australia.

Cultivation

This is a very fast-growing, upright tree with a dense canopy. It can tolerate dryness but thrives in deep, moist soil and can provide excellent screening and shade. It can grow 5–30 m tall and 2–6 m wide.

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