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Medal - Victory Medal 1914-1919, Great Britain, 1919 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 37286

Summary:
Great Britain Australia
World War I
Victory Medal 1914 - 1919 with ring mount and ribbon
Edge: SURG. GEN. R.H.J. FETHERSTON A.I.F.

The Victory Medal was authorised in 1919 and was awarded to army, navy and air force personnel who served in a theatre of war between midnight 4th-5th August 1914 and midnight 11th-12th November 1918. The Allies resolved that, if they wished to issue a Victory Medal, it would share a common feature of a depiction of Victory on the obverse and a ribbon of red, yellow, green, blue and violet merged into a rainbow pattern. This medal, that of Great Britain, was awarded to personnel from countries in the British Empire (some 5,725,000 were issued). The other Allied countries that issued Victory medals were: Belgium, Brazil, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, France, Greece, Italy, Japan, Portugal, Roumania, Thailand, Union of South Africa and the United States of America.

Dr. Richard Herbert Fetherston had previously served as a Captain with the Victorian Militia when he enlisted with the Australian Imperial Force in August 1914. He was officially ?taken up? on August 15, 1914 as the Director-General of Medical Services (DGMS). He was gazetted as a Colonel in 1915 and as Surgeon-General in 1916.

Although he had enlisted for active service, Richard was based in Melbourne throughout the war having been deemed ?indispensable? to Australia. Despite this, Richard was sent on two inspection tours of the Australian Army Medical Corps overseas and was responsible for the reorganisation of the corps.

Richard is commended in the Official History for his abilities and devotion to duty. Richard retired from military service in 1919.

According to the terms of his will, Richard's medals (and those of his father) were left to his two sons - Gerald and Herbert Fetherston. They were later donated to the National Gallery of Victoria and subsequently transferred into Museum Victoria's collection.
Description:
A bronze medal with ring mount for ribbon. The obverse features a figure of Victory facing three-quarters right with wings spread; in her right hand she holds a palm branch, her left hand is extended and open. The artist's initials, W.McM. (W. McMillan) are above the ground line on the right. The reverse has the words, THE GREAT . WAR FOR . CIVILISATION 1914 - 1919 within a circular wreath of laurel. The edge impressed in block capitals: SURG. GEN. R.H.J. FETHERSTON A.I.F.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 50 mm (Height), 36 mm (Diameter)
Dimension Comment: Height to top of ring

More information

Tagged with: australian military forces, medical corps, wars conflicts, world war i 1914-1918
Themes this item is part of: Medicine in Society Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Public Life & Institutions Collection, Royal Mint, London, Richard Herbert Joseph Fetherston, Medical Practitioner (1864-1943), Royal Mint, Tower Hill, 1809-1975, Early History of London Mints, to 1300, The Royal Mint
Primary Classification: MEDALS
Secondary Classification: Military Campaigns
Tertiary Classification: army campaigns
DateEra: 1919 AD
Obverse Description: A figure of Victory facing three-quarters right with wings spread; in her right hand she holds a palm branch, her left hand is extended and open. The artist's initials, W.McM. (W. McMillan) are above the ground line on the right.
Reverse Description: The words, THE GREAT . WAR FOR . CIVILISATION 1914 - 1919 within a circular wreath of laurel.
Edge Description: SURG. GEN. R.H.J. FETHERSTON A.I.F.
Inscriptions: W.McM. (W. McMillan)
THE GREAT . WAR FOR . CIVILISATION 1914 - 1919
SURG. GEN. R.H.J. FETHERSTON A.I.F.
Shape: Round with loop and ribbon
Material: Silver
Issued By: England, Great Britain, 1919
Mint: Royal Mint, London, 1919
Artist: William McMillan, 1919
Awarded To: Richard Fetherston, Australia, 1919

Surgeon Gen R.H.J. Fetherston, A.I.F.
Place: Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey

Place medal recepient served
References: Ancestry.com
Australian Dictionary of Biography
Butler, A.G., Official History of the Australian Army Medical Services, 1914?1918
Fetherston Family Papers held at the State Library of Victoria (MS 9865)
National Archives of Australia
Public Records Office of Victoria: Will, Richard Fetherston - VPRS 7591; 346/451
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], B Simpkin - Spink & Sons Ltd., A Litherland - Spink & Sons Ltd., E Joslin - Spink & Sons Ltd., British Battles and Medals, Spink & Son Ltd., London, 1988, 230 - 1 Pages

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