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Booklet - 'The Peril of Melbourne', Victorian Land Settlement Division, Immigration League of Australia, 1907 Reg. No: HT 15913
- Booklet titled 'The Peril of Melbourne' produced by The Victorian Land Settlement Division of the Immigration League of Australia in 1907. It promotes the increase of primary production and producers in Victoria, land settlement opportunities, and expresses concern regarding the emigration from Victoria of the fit, educated and able. It admonishes the Victoria state government for enabling this situation through thwarting land settlement.
The publication includes the membership, platform and objectives of the organisation, including Prime Minister Alfred Deakin as its president. Its stated platform is 'The settlement and cultivation of our lands, and the attraction of desirable immigrants to Australia' through advocacy of closer settlement, education regarding need to increase agricultural population, dissemination of information regarding land settlement and immigration her and overseas and provision of assistance and advice to arriving immigrants.
The title reference to 'the Peril of Melbourne' refers to the threat to Melbourne's prosperity if rural settlement and production on the land is not increased and assured. The priority for the association is the settling of locally-born people on the land and then opening land up for immigrants, The essay also includes negative international comparisons with Victoria regarding primary production, birth and marriage rates. Finally the essay concludes with a warning statement regarding Australia's vulnerability to invasion, particularly by Asian populations.
In the absence of any national immigration selection policy prior to 1920, voluntary agencies formed, including The Immigration League of Australia. It was formed in 1905 by Richard Arthur, MLA for New South Wales with encouragement from Prime Minister Alfred Deakin. A later offshoot was called the Immigration League of Australasia while the original body was renamed the British Immigration League of Australia which focused on immigration from Britain. By 1914 the League had brought 7500 migrants to Australia mostly from London under agreement with the Central (Unemployed) Body for London.
- Booklet comprising 40 pages, featuring a yellow paper cover with the title and advertisements printed in red ink. The off-white pages contain advertisements, illustrations and promotional articles printed in black ink. The booklet is secured with two staples along the spine.
- Acquisition Information:
- Donation from Mr. Bernard Smith - Massey Ferguson (Australia) Limited
|Dimensions:||12.6 cm (Width), 18.5 cm (Length)|
|Tagged with:||immigration, white australia policy, immigration policies, british immigration, closer settlement schemes|
|Themes this item is part of:||H.V. McKay Sunshine Collection, Migration Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, The Sunshine Harvester Works, Sunshine, Victoria, Australia, H.V. McKay Massey Harris Pty Ltd, Agricultural Equipment Manufacturers & Importers, Sunshine, Victoria, Hugh V. McKay, Agricultural Implement & Machinery Manufacturer, Ballarat & Sunshine, Victoria, Sunshine Stripper Harvester|
|Primary Classification:||AGRICULTURE & RURAL LIFE|
|Secondary Classification:||Settlement Schemes|
|Tertiary Classification:||promotional materials|
|Inscriptions:||Front cover: "The Victorian Land Settlement Division / of the / Immigration League of Australia / The Peril of Melbourne / NATIONS MAY HAVE BRILLIANT EPOCHS - / MORE OR LESS LONG CONTINUED - OF / COMMERCIAL PROSPERITY, AND WITH CAST / ACCUMULATIONS OF MONEY-WEALTH, BUT / THEIR STRENGTH, VIRILITY, PERMANENCE, / AND RESISTING POWER, MUST EVER / DEPEND ON A NUMEROUS POPULATION. / MELBOURNE: / Troedal & Co., Print, Band Place. / 1907"|
|Publisher:||Immigration League of Australia, Victoria, Australia, 1907|
|Printer:||Troedel & Co., Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1907|
|Person Named:||Mr Marshall Lyle|
|Organisation Named:||Hugh Lennon, Sunshine, Victoria, Australia, 1907|
|Organisation Named:||H.V. McKay, Sunshine Harvester Works, Sunshine, Victoria, Australia, 1907|
|Place & Date Used:||Victoria, Australia, 1907|
This item is part of the following themes:
- H.V. McKay Sunshine Collection
- Migration Collection
- Sustainable Futures Collection
- Working Life & Trades Collection
- The Sunshine Harvester Works, Sunshine, Victoria, Australia
- H.V. McKay Massey Harris Pty Ltd, Agricultural Equipment Manufacturers & Importers, Sunshine, Victoria
- Hugh V. McKay, Agricultural Implement & Machinery Manufacturer, Ballarat & Sunshine, Victoria
- Sunshine Stripper Harvester