Shoe Hammer - Leatherworking Tool, 1930s-1970s Object Reg. No: HT 17041

This short-handled, shoe hammer was an essential tool within Stanio Fancoff's shoemaking kit. Used for general purposes, the shoe hammer consolidated damped soles and heels, drove nails and rivets to keep shoes intact and was used in 'peening', whereby the hammer welded the surfaces together to improve the shoe's material qualities. Along with many other tools, the hammer was an essential instrument within the shoemaker's tool kit.

Stanio Ivanoff Fancoff was born in 1908 in Bojentsi, a small village in Bulgaria. At age 11, Stanio left home to learn the shoemaking trade. In 1929, he immigrated to Melbourne, settled in Fitzroy and began to work for the V.G. Zemancheff & Sons basket shoe factory in South Melbourne. In1936, he married Dorotea Georgi Touzou who had recently arrived in Australia. Around this time, Stanio set up his own shoemaking business from home, with Georgi, her cousin and sister weaving the shoes which he then assembled. Select shoe samples were then taken to Sydney and Tasmania for sale. In 1942, Georgi and Stanio moved to Broken Hill for Georgi's health; there daughter Nancy was born and Stanio set up a shoe shop/factory. In 1945, Georgi died and by 1950 Stanio and Nancy had moved to Adelaide where he again opened a shoemaking business and shop. He passed away in 1978, having been in the shoemaking business for 59 years. This collection documents his migration and working life experiences.
This ordinary shoe hammer has on one end a mushroom shaped face, whilst the other end presents a flat cyclindrical pane. The dark coloured metal surface exhibits as an shell of multiple shallow indentations. Looking from atop, the hammer provides visual accounts to its interior construction whereby the wooden handle is tapered to fit within the metal hammer head. The short wooden cyclindrical handle measures approximately 16cm in length and appears in a medium natural wood stain colour. The wooden handle's surface appears randomly dented with a small blotch of cream paint located midway and an area of approximately 1cm squared appears to have broken away from the handle's mainframe.
Acquisition Information:
Donation from Nancy Vasileff, 2207
Discipline: History
Dimensions: 193 mm (Height), 90 mm (Width)

More information

Tagged with: boot shoemaking, bulgarian communities, bulgarian immigration, immigration, small businesses, tools, shoemaking
Themes this item is part of: Stanio Fancoff, Bulgarian Migrant & Shoe Maker, 1929, Migration Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection
Primary Classification: MIGRATION
Secondary Classification: Settlement - Employment
Tertiary Classification: tools & equipment
Past Owner or User: Mr Stanio Fancoff, Australia, 1930s-1970s
References: R.A. Salaman, 'Dictionary of Leather-working Tools c.1700-1950 and Tools of Allied Trades,' London: George Allen and Unwin (Publishers) Ltd, 1986 [Section 2: Boot and Shoe Maker pp18-185].
John Peacock. 'Shoes, The Complete Sourcebook,' London:Thames & Hudson Ltd, 2005.
NAA holds file (online) on Vasil George Zemancheff, Fancoff's employer

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