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Passport - Stanio Fancoff, Bulgaria, 1929 Document Reg. No: HT 17128

Summary:
This green patent snake-skin leather passbook cover and its blue papered passbook belonged to Stanio Fancoff and was used during his 1929 immigration to Australia. Similar to modern passport documents, this travel document exhibits Stanio's picture and provides his personal details along with the passport date of 1929. This passport was a required and necessary document for Stanio's immigration to Australia and as such it was a integral part of his immigration story.

Stanio Ivanoff Fancoff was born in 1908 in Bojentsi, a small village in Bulgaria. At age 11, Stanio left home to learn the shoemaking trade. In 1929, he immigrated to Melbourne, settled in Fitzroy and began to work for the V.G. Zemancheff & Sons basket shoe factory in South Melbourne. In1936, he married Dorotea Georgi Touzou who had recently arrived in Australia. Around this time, Stanio set up his own shoemaking business from home, with Georgi, her cousin and sister weaving the shoes which he then assembled. Select shoe samples were then taken to Sydney and Tasmania for sale. In 1942, Georgi and Stanio moved to Broken Hill for Georgi's health; there daughter Nancy was born and Stanio set up a shoe shop/factory. In 1945, Georgi died and by 1950 Stanio and Nancy had moved to Adelaide where he again opened a shoemaking business and shop. He passed away in 1978, having been in the shoemaking business for 59 years. This collection documents his migration and working life experiences.
Description:
This object comprises of two separate parts, the passport and the passport cover. All text is written in Bulgarian script.
1.The Passport Cover-
The passport cover consists of a green patent leather with a snake skin styled pattern that encompasses cardboard, and folds out into a three sectioned book. The front cover has gold imprinted letter within a diagonal line upon it. The middle section has the green leather exterior and a plain cardboard interior with two hole punctures within its upper and lower left hand corners. The third section, has its internal section removed in which an ornate picture frame remains. Furthermore, this section having also two holes within its upper right, folds in on itself to enable the document to be viewed and simultaneously framed but also bound through the dual hole punctures.
2.The Passport Document-
Created on blue paper this document is centre- folded to provide a book format. The front cover, has printed various Bulgarian text along with a central coat of arms and the hand scripted number Y2Y6. Opening this document,Stanio's image is located within the upper left hand corner and the remaining document is a mixture of black printed and handwritten text, along with two round purple stamps, the year date of 1929, and both green and pink ink signatures. Upon the document's back cover is stamped pink ink text accompanied by green handwritten script and a purple stamp.
Acquisition Information:
Donation from Nancy Vasileff, 2207
Discipline: History
Dimensions: 122 mm (Height), 85 mm (Width)

More information

Tagged with: boot shoemaking, bulgarian communities, bulgarian immigration, immigration, small businesses, travel
Themes this item is part of: Stanio Fancoff, Bulgarian Migrant & Shoe Maker, 1929, Migration Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Getting In, Immigration Museum Exhibition, 2003-2015
Primary Classification: MIGRATION
Secondary Classification: Processing - Planning & Departure
Tertiary Classification: identification
Inscriptions: Front Cover, Imprinted, Gold, Text:
Internal, Black Printed and Handwritten Text.
Back Cover, Stamped, Pink Print and Grey handwritting.
Issued To: Mr Stanio Fancoff, Bulgaria, 1929
References: R.A. Salaman, 'Dictionary of Leather-working Tools c.1700-1950 and Tools of Allied Trades,' London: George Allen and Unwin (Publishers) Ltd, 1986 [Section 2: Boot and Shoe Maker pp18-185].
John Peacock. 'Shoes, The Complete Sourcebook,' London:Thames & Hudson Ltd, 2005.
NAA holds file (online) on Vasil George Zemancheff, Fancoff's employer

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