Prison Camp Token - 1 Penny, Tatura Internment Camp, Victoria, Australia, 1940-1945 Reg. No: NU 45102
- This is an internment camp token - one penny - issued for use as currency in internment camps, during the 1940s. It belonged to Karl Muffler. Karl was interned as a German enemy alien at Tatura Internment Camp from 1939 to 1944, and was then released to the Civil Aliens Corp Melbourne on 27th June 1944. He was then transferred to Broadford until his release in 1945.
This item relates to Karl Friedrich Muffler, qualified pastry chef and confectioner, born in 1900, who migrated to Melbourne from Germany in 1930, aboard the passenger liner 'Balranald'. Muffler quickly established himself in Melbourne, commencing employment with Bill Ikinger (who had recruited and sponsored him) at his cake shop in Brunswick, as well as joining the long-running German establishment 'Club Tivoli'. Muffler went on to establish his own business, 'The Embassy' in Malvern, and in 1939 married fellow German migrant Mathilde 'Hilde' Mayer. At this time they were members of the 'German Labour Front' of which Adolf Mayer (Hilde's father) was president. On 4th September, 1939 Karl Muffler, along with dozens of other German residents (including his father-in-law), was placed into police custody as an enemy alien. He was transferred to Tatura internment camp and while there undertook woodcarving and drafting classes and worked as a cake decorator. He was transferred to a Forestry Commission camp in Broadford, and finally released in 1945. With no family left in Germany he decided to stay in Australia and became naturalised in 1947. After the war, Muffler accepted a position at William Angliss Food Trades School in Melbourne teaching ex-servicemen new skills in cake decoration. He maintained a connection to the German community though Club Tivoli and died in 1996.
- Round coin with hole in centre. On obverse & reverse, circle of beads, with another circle of beads around hole. Wreath around inner circle.
- Acquisition Information:
- Donation from Ms Sue Muffler, 2005
|Dimensions:||20 mm (Diameter)|
|Tagged with:||cake decorating, internment camp tokens, internment camps, pastry making, prison camps, world war ii 1939-1945|
|Themes this item is part of:||Internment during World War II Australia, Migration Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Karl Friedrich Muffler, German Migrant, Pastry Chef & Internee, 1930, Public Life & Institutions Collection|
|Secondary Classification:||Australia - Victoria|
|Tertiary Classification:||internment camp tokens|
|Obverse Description:||Hole in centre. Circle of beads, with another circle of beads around hole. Wreath around inner circle. Around, INTERNMENT ... CAMPS ...|
|Reverse Description:||Hole in centre. Circle of beads, with another circle of beads around hole. Wreath around inner circle. Around, ONE ... PENNY...|
|Inscriptions:||Obverse: INTERNMENT ... CAMPS ...
Reverse : ONE ... PENNY
|Shape:||Round with hole|
|Past Owner:||Karl Muffler, Tatura, Victoria, Australia|