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Medal - Congressional Medal, John Horn Jr. for Saving Life, United States of America, 1874 Reg. No: NU 36562
- Copper strike of the Congressional Medal awarded to John Horn Jr. for Saving Life, by the United States of America, 1874. John Horn Jr. was born on 7 September 1843 at Sidmouth, Devonshire. The family migrated to the United States of America where his father established a family boat business, running a ferry and two tug-boats, at Detroit. He lived at the docks and between 1863 and 1874 was credited with saving over a hundred people from drowning. During the great fire of Detroit on 11 April 1866 he rescued nine people from the water. In 1869 the citizens of Detroit awarded him a gold medal which was followed in 1874 by a Congressional gold medal.
Since the American Revolution the United States Congress has commissioned gold medals as its highest expression of national appreciation for distinguished achievements and contributions. Each medal honours a particular individual, institution, or event. Often off-metal strikes were later produced for artistic and commemorative purposes.
- Acquisition Information:
- Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
|Dimensions:||48 mm (Diameter)|
|Tagged with:||life saving awards|
|Themes this item is part of:||Numismatics & Philately Collection, Public Life & Institutions Collection|
|Secondary Classification:||Life Saving Awards|
|Obverse Description:||Bare head facing left; behind, 'JOHN HORN JR'.|
|Reverse Description:||The legend at the centre within an olive wreath, IN / RECOGNITION / OF HIS / HEROIC EXPLOITS / IN / RESCUING MEN / WOMEN & CHILDREN / FROM DROWNING / IN / DETROIT RIVER; around above on broad rim, BY ACT OF CONGRESS JUNE 20TH 1874|
|Edge Description:||The edge is plain|
|Issued By:||United States of America Congress, United States of America, 1874|
|Person Depicted:||John Horn, United States of America|
|References:||Loubat, J.F. The Medallic History of the United States of America 1776-1876, Washington, 1878, pp. 457-460 (includes a letter from Horn giving details of some of his rescues)|