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Print - Woodblock, 'Genji Excursion To Enoshima Island', Japan, Oct 1863 Object Reg. No: HT 22532

Summary:
Woodblock print on paper, depicting two richly dressed Japanese female attendants on the shore of Enoshima Island, produced by the Japanese woodblock artist Toyohara Kunichika (1835-1900), carved by Mi no and published by Kiya Sojiro in Tokyo, Japan, in October 1863. It is the left panel of an original triptych; a work of art comprised of three distinct panels, titled 'Genji excursion to Enoshima Island' (Genji no kimi Enoshima Yuran no Zu).

Although works by this artist are not listed in the official catalogue, it was possibly exhibited by a retailer at the Japanese court at the 1880 Melbourne International Exhibition where it was bought by John Twycross.

Woodblock prints like one could have been exhibited under two categories: Class 22, Printed Paperhangings, or Class 42, Toys.

In Printed Paperhangings, G. Inouye from Osaka exhibited 'Printed Paperhangings', Kiriu-Kosho Kuwaisha (now spelt Kiriu-Kosho Kaisha) and T. Akiyama of Tokyo exhibited 'Paperhangings and artistic papers' and M. Tani, Osaka, exhibited 'Printed Paperhangings'. Printed paperhangings, as a nineteenth century term, often referred to wall papers.

In Class 42, Toys, Kiriu-Kosho Kuwaisha and T. Akiyama of Tokyo are listed as having exhibited 'Dolls, Playing Balls, Painted Pictures, &c'. It is more likely that artistic wood block prints such as this one would have been exhibited in this category because of the vivid, graphic subject matter, that so clearly tells a story.

The scene is a Genji-e or Mitate-e; a parody illustration of the original Genji story. A popular subject for many Japanese print - or Ukiyo-e - artists in the nineteenth century, 'The Tale oF Genji', the classical Japanese novel by Lady Murasaki Shikibu of the late Heian period (794-1185 AD), detailed the lengthy, often complex love adventures of the novel's central character, Prince Genji. The story spawned many parodies, illustrations of which were also prevalent and often termed mitate-e.

In this image, two female attendants are seen seated on what appears to be a short pier at the edge of the bay with lanterns hanging in a tree above them. In the full composition, including the central and right panels of the triptych, Genji travels to Enoshima Island (Kanagawa prefecture) with attendants, with the Izu peninsula (Shizuoka Prefecture) visible in the background of the right panel.

To many in the Melbourne Exhibition's largely western audience, the flattened pictorial form and composition of Japanese prints remained puzzling, and often misunderstood. 'The Japanese pictures were very curious, some of the figures being made to rise considerably above the background', the official catalogue to the exhibition observed, while the Argus newspaper - quoted in the official catalogue - commented of the display of porcelain figures that although 'Stamped with character...the human figure more often than otherwise [is] grotesque in position and humorous in expression.'
Description:
Signed Japanese coloured wood block print on paper depicting two richly dressed women on the shore of Enoshima Island, having just arrived with Prince Genji (not depicted in this panel, but in the middle panel of the triptych).
Acquisition Information:
Cultural Gifts Donation from Dr Will Twycross, 2009
Acknowledgement:
Donated through the Australian Government's Cultural Gifts Program
Discipline: History
Dimensions: 255 mm (Width), 370 mm (Length)

More information

Tagged with: exhibitions melbourne international 1880-1881, royal exhibition building, prints, japanese art, folklore
Themes this item is part of: Public Life & Institutions Collection, John Twycross Melbourne International Exhibitions Collection
Primary Classification: ROYAL EXHIBITION BUILDING
Secondary Classification: International Exhibitions
Tertiary Classification: exhibition heritage
Inscriptions: Signature (Japanese marking): Kunichika Ga
Signature (English marking): drawn by Kunichika
Censor Seal: Aratame (inspected) with I 10
Censor Seal (English marking): Year of Wild Boar [ie. 1863] , October
Carver (Hori-shi): Mi no
Date of manufacture: October, 1863 (End of Edo)
Publisher (Hanmoto/Shri-shi): Kiya Sojiro
Place of manufacture: Edo (Tokyo), Japan
Place & Date Made: Japan, Oct 1863

late Edo Period; Edo Period, 1603-1867; Meiji Period, 1868-1912
Artist: Toyohara Kunichika, Tokyo, Kanto, Honshu, Japan, Oct 1863

early Meiji Period; Edo Period, 1603-1867; Meiji Period, 1868-1912
Publisher: Sojiro Kiya, Tokyo, Kanto, Honshu, Japan, 1863

early Meiji Period; Edo Period, 1603-1867; Meiji Period, 1868-1912
Place & Date Exhibited: Royal Exhibition Building (REB), Carlton, Victoria, Australia, 1880
Collector: Mr John Twycross, Elsternwick, Victoria, Australia, 1880-1881
References: MIE 1880 Catalogue, Japanese Exhibits, p.572
MIE 1880 Catalogue, Introduction to the General Exhibits, Japanese Court, p.cxxi, cxxii

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