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Pamphlet - 'I Stand By White Australia', Arthur Calwell, Australian Federal Minister for Immigration, 1949 Document Reg. No: HT 23830

Black and white printed pamphlet 'I Stand By White Australia' written by by Arthur A. Calwell, Minister for Immigration. This pamphlet reprint of the article first published by the Melbourne Argus on October 24, 1949. It is Calwell's response to the article 'Case for a Quota of Asian Migrants' by Professor W. Macmahon Ball, Professor of Political Science, University of Melbourne published in the Melbourne Argus on 17 October, 1949. Calwell had this article reprinted in pamphlet form for circulation among people who did not read the newspaper in which it originally appeared.

The context for this debate stems from the deportations of non-British aliens after World War II. During World War II a number of non-European refugees had been allowed to stay in Australia. While most left Australia after the war, about 800 wanted to remain as permanent residents. Calwell became the first Minister for Immigration in 1945 and was committed to a system which controlled immigration in accordance with the White Australia policy and enforced the deportation of prohibited immigrants. In October 1948 Calwell introduced the Aliens Deportation Bill and in 1949, the War-time Refugees Removal Bill. Also, in this period there were a number of court cases and personal stories of deportations being debated in the media. These debates in the public domain were the impetus for Professor Ball's original article and Calwell's response.

Calwell's argument in this pamphlet is that the introduction of a quota would be a form of appeasement to those prohibited migrants who wanted to stay, that a quota would be more discriminatory than the policy that was already in place and that Australia risked offending the Asian nations even more by introducing a quota.
Black and white printed pamphlet of four pages bound in the centre with two staples.
Discipline: History
Dimensions: 203 mm (Height), 127 mm (Width)

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Tagged with: politicians, white australia policy, debates, citizenship, immigration, immigration ethnic affairs, immigration debates, immigration policies, immigration selection, newspapers, publications
Themes this item is part of: Identity: Yours, Mine, Ours, Immigration Museum Exhibition, 2011-2021
Primary Classification: MIGRATION
Secondary Classification: Policy
Tertiary Classification: publications
Inscriptions: Front cover: 'I Stand By White Australia By the Hon. Arthur A. Calwell, Minister for Immigration
Reprint from the Melbourne Argus of October 24, 1949'
Author: Mr Arthur Calwell, Victoria, Australia, 24 Oct 1949
Person Named: Professor William Ball - University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 24 Oct 1949

Written in responce to an article by Professor Ball
Other Association (See Comments): The Argus, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 24 Oct 1949

Article was originally printed in the Argus

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