Taxidermy Specimen - Phar Lap, Race Horse, Timaru, New Zealand, 1926-1932 Object Reg. No: HT 24106

Summary:
Scientific Name: Equus ferus caballus

Mounted hide of the racehorse Phar Lap, prepared by Jonas Brothers Studio, New York, 1932.

Phar Lap was born on 4 October 1926 at the Seadown Stud of breeder A.F. Roberts, near Timaru on the South Island of New Zealand. He was foaled from the sire Night Raid and mare Entreaty, with an impressive pedigree that included such greats as the English racehorses Doncaster (1870-1892), Bend Or (1877-1903) and St Simon (1881-1908), and the New Zealand born Carbine (1885-1914), winner of the 1890 Melbourne Cup.

Listed simply as 'Lot 41', he was purchased on the recommendation of Sydney trainer Harry Telford, by the American-born businessman David J. Davis, for 160 guineas (£168), at the Annual New Zealand Thoroughbred Yearling Sales, at Trentham Racecourse in January 1928. He was registered as a racehorse under the name 'Phar Lap' by Davis on 3 December 1928 and began racing in Sydney early in the following year. After an unimpressive start as a two-year-old, Phar Lap finally found form to win the Rosehill Guineas in September 1929. From that point on he had an impressive run of 36 wins from 41 races, including wins in the AJC Derby, Victoria Derby, W.C. Cox Plate (twice), Futurity Stakes and the 1930 Melbourne Cup, which he won as the shortest priced favourite on record.

His best known jockeys were Jim Pike (1892-1969), with 27 wins from 30 starts, and Billy Elliot (1908-1941), with 7 wins from 7 starts.

His feats captured the public's imagination during the early years of the Great Depression and his successes were eagerly followed through the new mediums of radio and cinema newsreels.

After failing to win the 1931 Melbourne Cup, carrying a race-record handicap weight of 10 stone 10 lbs (68 kg), Phar Lap was shipped to America, where he won the US$50,000 Agua Caliente Handicap at Tijuana, Mexico, on 20 March 1932. It was to be his last race. Two weeks later news was flashed across the globe that Phar Lap had died suddenly from a mysterious illness at Menlo Park, California on 5 April 1932. A subsequent autopsy suggested that the probable cause of death was either colic or a bacterial infection leading to severe stomach and intestinal inflammation, however, traces of arsenate of lead were also found in his stomach, leading to speculation that he may have been accidentally or intentionally poisoned.

Davis arranged for Phar Lap's hide to be preserved and mounted in New York and it was offered to the National Museum of Victoria in Melbourne, where it first went on display in January 1933. Phar Lap's incredible career and tragic death have won him an enduring place in the heart of generations of Australians and he remains one of the Museum's most popular exhibits.
Description:
Chestnut coloured five-year-old throughbred gelding standing 17.1 hands high. Mounted in a custom-built 'art deco' display case.
Discipline: History

More information

Tagged with: horse racing, exhibitions, museum history, recreation, sport, melbourne cup racing carnival, horses, racing industry, agua caliente handicap tijuana mexico, taxidermy, melbounre cup, making history - phar lap
Themes this item is part of: Tommy Woodcock, Race Horse Strapper & Trainer (1905-1985), Harry Telford, Race Horse Owner & Trainer (1877-1960), David Davis, Entrepreneur & Race Horse Owner, Leisure Collection, Public Life & Institutions Collection, Jim Pike, Jockey (1892-1969), Phar Lap, Champion Race Horse (1926-1932), Phar Lap in America, 1932, Phar Lap Collection
Primary Classification: MUSEUM HISTORY
Secondary Classification: Exhibitions
Tertiary Classification: specimens - phar lap
Horse Depicted: Phar Lap (Racehorse), New Zeland & Australia, 1926-1932
Past Owner: Mr David Davis, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1928-1932
Other Association (See Comments): Harry Telford, Mordialloc, Victoria, Australia, 1928-1932

Harry Telford was the principal trainer of Phar Lap throughout his career and half-owner with Davis from February 1931.
Other Association (See Comments): Mr Tommy Woodcock, Mordialloc, Victoria, Australia, 1929-1932

Tommy Woodcock was Phar Lap's strapper and primary carer.
References: Phar Lap raced from 1929 to 1932, with some remarkable performances amongst his 37 wins from 51 starts.
At the time of his death, Phar Lap was the third highest stake-winner in the world. Bookmakers offered very short odds on Phar Lap, even refusing to accept any bets on some races.
Full Race Statistics: A full record of Phar Lap's racing career can be found here http://museumvictoria.com.au/pharlap/images/racingstats.pdf

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