Nail - Metal, 1850s-circa mid-20th century Archaeology Reg. No: HA 710

The first recorded wire nail making machine was developed by Adolph Feliz Brown of New York in 1851. Wire nails were first imported into Australia in 1853. By the 1870s, improvements in technology meant that wire nails were cheap and plentiful and replaced the wrought nail.
Eight almost complete wire iron alloy nails. Head types cannot be determined due to rust and encrustation. Manufacturing period is from the 1850s.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Godden Mackay Logan Heritage Consultants (GML), 2009
Discipline: Archaeology - Historical

More information

Tagged with: world heritage, royal exhibition building, archaeology, building materials
Themes this item is part of: Public Life & Institutions Collection, Royal Exhibition Building Western Forecourt Collection
Primary Classification: HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY
Secondary Classification: (To Be Classified)
Tertiary Classification: (to be classified)
Activity: Architectural/structural
Specific Activity: Fastening
Trench Unit Number: E14/15/077
Manufacturer: 1850s-c 1958
References: Poplar Forest 1996: 38; Miller et al 2000: 14; Varman 1980: 107-108
  1. [Book], Poplar Forest Archaeology Lab and Field Manual, The Corporation for Jefferson's Poplar Forest, Forest, 1996, 1996, 38 Pages
  2. [Article - Journal] Miller, George L., et al. Telling Time for Archaeologists. Newsletter of the Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology. 29: 1-22., 2000, 14 Pages
  3. [Article] Varman, Robert. 1980. The Nail as a Criterion for the Dating of Building and Building Sites (Late 18th Century to 1900), in Birmingham, Judy & Bairstow, Damaris. 1980. Papers in Australian Historical Archaeology. 104-112., 1980, 107-108 Pages

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