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Newspaper Clipping - Scrapbook, Caroline Chisholm, circa 1844-1861 Reg. No: HT 3141 1
- Loose newspaper clipping from scrapbook of newspapers and other flyers compiled by Caroline Chisholm, circa 1844-1861.
The scrapbook includes hundreds of original newspaper cuttings, flyers and public notices originating from Cork, Melbourne and London, focusing on Chisholm's main work of assisting immigration and settlement. It appears to have been compiled retrospectively, as it is not in exact chronological order. However it does seem to have been compiled reasonably soon following the events depicted. All previous owners of the scrapbook claim that Caroline Chisholm compiled it - a claim supported by the focus of the scrapbook and the provenance of the specific scrapbook contents.
Between the late 1830s and 1860s, Caroline Chisholm played a profound role in providing financial and moral assistance to single women and poor British families to migrate to and settle in NSW and later, Victoria. She drove the establishment of female shelters and institutions for domestic training. She also advocated for a closer settlement scheme in rural NSW and Victoria for poor, large families, believing that the presence of white women helped civilise outback relations. She coined the phrase 'God's police', for white women, which became an increasingly common phrase as the ratio of married to unmarried women increased in NSW in the mid 1840s. Chisholm's work has become legendary in the history of Australian philanthropy, as the most important movement for the migration and settlement of British women in the early colonisation period.
- Single loose newspaper clipping, column style. Consists of two pieces of newsprint pasted together onto a thicker backing card. Reverse has fragments of handwritten text in black ink
- Acquisition Information:
- Donation from Ms Mary Hoban, 2000
|Dimensions:||80 mm (Height), 635 mm (Width), 505 mm (Length)|
|Dimension Comment:||dimensions when book opened|
|Tagged with:||assisted immigration, immigrant voyages, social functions, domestic economy, domestic work, settlement, women s work, correspondence, immigrant shipping, scottish communities, scottish immigration, social activities, immigration debates, immigration policies, goldfields, irish communities, irish immigration, social welfare, british immigration, women s role, rural women, shipping industry, news clippings, social services, women s associations, closer settlement schemes|
|Themes this item is part of:||Cultural Diversity Collection, Migration Collection, Public Life & Institutions Collection|
|Inscriptions:||Front, newsprint: "...room. The division walls, although commence, did not quite reach to the ceiling..." and extensive further text.
Reverse, printed, red ink, gothic type: "The Melbourne Chart.."
Reverse, handwritten, black ink, fragments of text from a larger piece of writing: "to occupy", "Grey said" and further extensive handwritten text.
|Compiled By:||Caroline Chisholm, Australia, 1843-1866