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Postcard - 'Business As Usual', Inter-Art Company, London, 'Patriotic' Series V, circa 1915 Document Reg. No: HT 27729

Summary:
'Business as usual' is a postcard from the "Patriotic" Series V range of card, published by the Inter-Art Company, London, during the First World War.

The image on the front depicts John Bull, a fictional national personification for Great Britain - and England in particular - often represented as a short, stout man wearing black leather riding boots and a Union Jack waistcoat. His thumbs are tucked purposefully into the arm cut-outs of his waistcoat, and he stands resiliently in a shop doorway with the business name John Bull & Co. visible above the door. A news flyer announcing war news in pasted on the wall to the left of the door, and the caption to the image reads 'Business as usual'. His image is often used in political and patriotic cartoons and graphic work, this illustration being produced by Frederick Spurgun (1882-1968), a prolific artist and illustrator responsible for the design of many patriotic First World War postcards.

The sentiment expressed on the postcard of 'Business as Usual' was drawn upon by Winston Churchill (1874-1965), in his then role as First Lord of the Admiralty until the Liberal government of Herbert Asquith. In a speech given in 1914, in relation to the outbreak of war, Churchill observed that 'The maxim of the British people is 'Business as Usual.' His ardent support for the failed Dardenelles campaign in Turkey in 1915 lost him credibility, and the 'business as usual' sentiment of preserving the status quo diminished after Asquith lost office to David Lloyd George in 1916. Under Lloyd George, the idea of a state of total war was promoted, where all British efforts were directed towards the defeat of the Axis powers.
Description:
Postcard titled 'Business as usual' from the "Patriotic" Series V range of card, published by the Inter-Art Company, London, during the First World War. The card depicts the fictional national personification of England, John Bull, characteristically represented as a short, stout man wearing black leather riding boots and a Union Jack waistcoat. The signature of the illustrator, Frederick Spurgins, is apparent in the lower right corner of the image.
Discipline: History
Dimensions: 14.00 mm (Height), 8.95 mm (Width)

More information

Tagged with: patriotism, postcards, world war i 1914-1918, propaganda, national identity, 1940-45
Themes this item is part of: Public Life & Institutions Collection
Primary Classification: MILITARY HISTORY
Secondary Classification: Service
Tertiary Classification: patriotism & propaganda
Inscriptions: Printed on recto, upper: JOHN BULL & Co.
Printed on recto, lower: BUSINESS AS USUAL.
Printed in image, lh margin: WAR/ NEWS
Signed on rector, lr corner: FREDK./ SPURGIN.
Printed on verso, upper: POST CARD. / THIS SIDE FOR CORRESPONDENCE. THIS SIDE FOR ADDRESS. / STAMP HERE.
Printed on verso, lh margin: Inter-Art Co., Red Lion Square, London, W.C./ "PATRIOTIC" Series V. No. 861. British Manufacture.
Handwritten on verso, black ink: To Walter with love/ from Dick xxx
Person Depicted: John Bull, London, Great Britain, 1915
Publisher: Inter-Art Company, London, Great Britain, 1915

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