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Medal - Resolution & Adventure, Great Britain, 1772 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 48443

Summary:
Resolution and Adventure medal, in platina (gilt), by John Westwood for Matthew Boulton and Sir Joseph Banks, issued 1772.

Sir Joseph Banks for the British Admiralty commissioned the Resolution and Adventure medal, to be used on Cook's second voyage (1772-1775) as an item for presentation or barter with the local peoples. Matthew Boulton's firm struck 2,000 medals in platina for this purpose, and also 142 in silver and 2 in gold, for Banks to distribute to officials and nobility in Britain. Many of the platina medals were used for presentation through the Pacific as barter, but others were distributed to sailors on the voyage, and some remained for use on Cook's 3rd voyage.

The medal is called the Resolution and Adventure medal because it depicts the two ships used on Cook's second voyage.
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 42.5 mm (Diameter)

More information

Tagged with: sailing vessels, australian exploration, pacific exploration, pacific colonialism, pacific islands, pacific trade
Themes this item is part of: Joseph Banks, Botanist (1743-1820), Captain James Cook, Navigator & Explorer (1728-1779), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Public Life & Institutions Collection, Transport Collection
Primary Classification: MEDALS
Secondary Classification: Commemorative
Tertiary Classification: exploration
DateEra: 1772 AD
Obverse Description: Laureate bust of George III. Around: GEORGE III. KING OF GR BRITAIN FRANCE AND IRELAND ETC. In truncation , BF [Boulton & Fothergill].
Reverse Description: Two three-masted sailing ships in heavy seas. Raised text above the names of the ships reads; 'RESOLUTION ADVENTURE'. Text in exergue reads; 'SAILED . FROM . ENGLAND / MARCH . MDCCLXXII'.
Shape: Round with mount
Material: Gold-plated
Issued By: England, Great Britain, 1772
Person Depicted: King George III, Great Britain
Commissioned By: Sir Joseph Banks, Great Britain
Engraver: John Westwood, Great Britain, 1772
Manufacturer: Matthew Boulton - Soho (Mint), Soho, West Midlands, England, Great Britain, 1772
Expedition Leader: Captain James Cook, Great Britain, 1772
References: For a detailed recent account of the medals and the specimens held by the South Australian Museum, see Peter, Lane, 'Captain Cook's Exploration Medals, in http://recollections.nma.gov.au/issues/vol_4_no1/notes_and_comments/captain_cooks_exploration_medals/

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