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Photograph - Edith Cavell Memorial, Norwich, England, Driver Cyril Rose, World War I, 1919 Image Reg. No: MM 117782

Image depicting the memorial erected in Norwich, England, to Edith Cavell, taken between October 1918 and July 1919. One of 129 World War I photographs likely to have been taken by Driver Cyril Rose, AIF. Rose was made a driver in the 1st Australian Auxiliary Mechanical Transport Company before moving to the 2nd Australian Divisional Mechanical Transport Company when in France. He sailed from Melbourne on 22 December 1916 on the Persic, arriving in England in March 1917. In June he was sent to France where his service consisted of driving in a supply column. He returned to Australia on the Persic on 13 July 1919.

Edith Cavell served as a nurse with the red cross in Belgium during World War I. On August 5, 1915 she was arrested by the Germans on the charge of assisting allied troops to escape to Holland. After being held for nine weeks, Edith confessed and was brought to trial. She was sentenced to death by firing squad, along with her accomplice Philippe Baucq, and was executed on 12 October 1915. Her execution received widespread media coverage and on 12 October 1918 Queen Alexandra unveiled a memorial in Tombland, Norwich. It is this memorial that is depicted here. The memorial was moved in 1993 to beside the Erpingham Gate, near Norwich Cathedral. After the war her body was brought back to England and after a service at Westminster Abbey was interred at Norwich Cathedral. The words 'EDITH CAVELL NURSE / PATRIOT AND MARTYR' are inscribed on the base of the monument.

A majority of the images included in the album appear to be from the time Rose spent in England, particularly Wiltshire, before he travelled to France. The album also includes images of servicemen, battle sites, buildings and Cologne, Germany.
Black and white photographic print on paper, faded to sepia tones.
Description Of Content:
Image depicting what appears to be a memorial column of a sculpted serviceman reaching up to place a second wreath near a bust surmounting a pedestal.
Acquisition Information:
Donation & Subsequent Transfer from Returned Services League of Australia Limited (RSL) Victorian Branch, 1987
Discipline: Technology
Dimensions: 82 mm (Height), 63 mm (Width)

More information

Tagged with: death mourning, world war i 1914-1918, drivers, memorials
Themes this item is part of: Public Life & Institutions Collection, Edith Louisa Cavell, World War I Nurse (1865-1915)
Primary Classification: MILITARY HISTORY
Secondary Classification: Memorials
Tertiary Classification: monuments & statues
Format: Photograph: Black & White
Date Made: Norwich, England, Great Britain, 1918-1919
Person Commemorated: Edith Cavell, 1915-1918
Compiled By: Driver Cyril Rose - Australian Imperial Force (AIF), 1916-1919

Although it is possible that Rose was the photographer, it is unclear how he could have been present to take some of the images included in the album making it more likely that he collected the images.
References: WORLDBOOK ENCYC: Vol C. p.246; 'Edith Cavell', Wikipedia, accessed 10/9/2012.

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