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Booklet - Australian Packet Ships, 'Emigration, Its Necessity & Advantages', W.C. Featherstone, 1840 Document Reg. No: SH 990723

Small printed booklet 'Emigration, its Necessity and Advantages', printed in England by W.C. Featherstone, 1840, and sold by booksellers in Exeter and London. It was priced at one penny. It is likely the booklet was produced by the shipping company Australian Packet Ships, as it promotes New South Wales, including Port Phillip, as the only decent colony for emigration.

The booklet outlines the privations of the working poor of England and states that the solution lies in the emigration of suitable people 'to the healthy and eminently thriving colonies of this great Colonial Empire' which 'possess a genial climate, where labour is in great demand, and where every honest and well-conducted man can not only support his family but greatly improve his and their position'.

'It used to be thought ... that to leave the country was a man's last resource, and was only adopted by the discontented and those who had been disappointed here; but it is now well-known that the colonies [especially Eastern Australia], instead of being only an asylum for the baffled and despairing, are in reality boundless and rich harvest fields, calling for tens of thousands of reapers of sobriety and ability, to come and exchange privation for abundance, penury and dependence for smiling plenty, and every enjoyment reasonable man can desire.' The colonies were Divine Providence's provision for overcrowded Europe - 'we may justly consider every Emigration as a step towards the fulfilment of the great designs of a bountiful Providence'.

The pamphlet extols the virtues of Melbourne 'its site was only marked out three years ago, and already it is a handsome town, numbering more than 3000 inhabitants'. There are 'millions of acres of beautiful undulating thinly timbered land'; and the usual rate of wages for agricultural labourers and farm servants is from 40 to 60 pounds a year, besides a house and rations - ten pounds of beef or mutton, ten pounds of meal, tea, sugar, tobacco and the milk of a cow and other privileges.

The booklet ends by outlining the prices to be paid for emigration and setting out statistics for sheep farming 'after getting over the initiatory difficulties, the proprietor has little else to do than pocket the profits of his speculation'. The booklet also urges the Poor Law Guardians to consider raising funds to send poor families to the colony.
Small printed booklet of 16 pages, with extensive black text. The front page has an image of Britannia with an anchor of hope. The booklet informs prospective emigrants of weather, occupations and costs of travel to Australia.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Museum Victoria Library Museum Library, 1999
Discipline: History
Dimensions: 17.50 cm (Height), 11.00 cm (Length)

More information

Tagged with: immigration, immigrant shipping, immigrant voyages, immigration policies, immigration selection, shipping lines, shipping industry, settlement, pastoral industry, pamphlets, promotional materials, advertising
Themes this item is part of: Cultural Diversity Collection, Migration Collection, Getting In, Immigration Museum Exhibition, 2003-2015
Primary Classification: MIGRATION
Secondary Classification: Orientation
Tertiary Classification: publications
Inscriptions: Printed text: EMIGRATION,/ITS/Necessity and Advantages/ Exeter/ printed by W.C.Featherstone/ sold by Curson & Son, Wheaton, and Balle, Booksellers, Exeter/ and smith, Elder & Co., Cornhill, London / 1840/ Price - One Penny each, or Five Shillings per Hundred.' (extensive text)
Printer: W.C. Featherstone, England, Great Britain, 1840
Manufactured For: Australian Packet Ships, London, England, Great Britain, 1840
Place & Date Used: England, Great Britain, 1840

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