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T-Shirt - Fire Fox, White Australia has a Black History, 1988 Object Reg. No: SH 990688

White cotton T-Shirt with a colour screen print of the Australian Aboriginal flag, manufactured by Fire Fox, Australia, for the Australian Bicentenary in 1988. This t-shirt was produced as part of the campaign organised by Indigenous Australians in protest at the celebration of the bicentenary. On 26 January 1988, more than 40,000 people, including Aborigines from across the country and non-Indigenous supporters, staged the largest march in Sydney since the Vietnam moratorium. The long march for justice, freedom and hope protested the invasion of Australia and its re-enactment and celebration 200 years later. This Indigenous protest over the "celebration of a nation" instigated public debate concerning white and indigenous Australian history, the position of Aborigines in contemporary society and the possibilities of land rights and reconciliation in the future.
White cotton T-Shirt with a colour screen print of a the Australian Aboriginal flag (rectangle with black top half, red lower half and yellow circle in the centre). The T-Shirt has black text on the back and front.
Discipline: History
Dimensions: 71.00 cm (Height), 87.00 cm (Length)

More information

Tagged with: clothing, celebrations, flags, australian bicentenary 1788-1988, aboriginal people, aboriginal history, aboriginal issues, activism, indigenous activism, indigenous issues, t-shirts, screen printing
Themes this item is part of: Clothing & Textiles Collection, Domestic & Community Life Collection, Public Life & Institutions Collection
Primary Classification: POLITICS & PUBLIC PROTEST
Secondary Classification: Indigenous Rights
Tertiary Classification: clothing
Manufacturer: Fire Fox, Australia, 1988
Place Used: Australia, 1988
Other Association (See Comments): Harold Thomas, Australia

Designer of Aboriginal Flag. Thomas is the designer of the Aboriginal flag; this design is copyright. Fire Fox did not contact him about the use of his design.
References: Foley, Gary. The Sydney Morning Herald and Representation of the 1988 Bicentennial, May 1997,, accessed 7 October 2004.
The Age, 1987-1988.
The Herald Sun, 1988.
Thompson, John. White Australia has a Black History, presented at the Indigenous Research Ethics Conference, 27-29 September 1995, available from, accessed 25 September 2004.
Tickner, Robert Taking a stand: land rights to reconciliation [electronic resource], (Crows Nest: Allen and Unwin January 2003), 33, available from,0,0,B/frameset&FF=atickner+r+e+robert+e&7,,7/indexsort=-, accessed 11 October 2004.

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