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National Doll - Turkish, circa 1978 Object Reg. No: SH 940274

Summary:
National Doll produced to represent a Turkish woman, it was purchased for Monica Gates by her mother in 1978. Turkey is a diverse blend of many different cultures, including the Oguz, Turkic, Anatolian, Ottoman and Western cultures. The traditional dress of Turkey has changed slowly over time according to varying cultural influences, which influenced both design and materials. Turkish traditional dress has tribal and village distinctions, and shares features with Central Asian dress, the dress of the Ottoman Court, and Middle Eastern dress.

Turkish traditional dress is characterised by the layering of garments, distinctive decoration on the fabrics, and a geometric cut. Common items are the salvar (baggy trouser), gomlek (chemise), ucetek (three-skirted cloak), and elaborate headgear for both men and women. Many women, particularly in villages, will wear headscarfs. Sleeveless vests and waist-length jackets are also common. The layers are held together by a girdle or belt, or by a shawl (sal kusak) that is folded and wrapped around the waist.

The Gates collection contains 170 national dolls from 74 different countries and some correspondence relating to the acquisition of several of the dolls. The costumes of the dolls represent national costumes from the 19th Century to the 1990s. Monica Gates collected or was given these dolls between 1957 and 1990.

These dolls were purchased as souvenirs of particular countries and like many mass produced souvenirs they are often not accurate representations of a particular country or region, and may actually better reflect neighbouring counties or regions. This occurs because costumes are often stylised and simplified resulting dolls wearing generic costume elements which are common to many countries/regions. Often the fabrics and decorations used are selected to make the dolls cheap and easy to manufacture and aesthetically pleasing. This can result in the fabrics, colours and decorations of the doll's clothing having little or no reflection of the costume associated with a particular country or region they are meant to be representative of.
Description:
Female wearing orange, grey and cream pants with a brown pattern printed on them. She has a matching top with lace around the neck. Around her waist is yellow belt. She has a blue jacket with silver trimming. On her head she has a thin blue veil which covers her face to just below the nose and which hangs down her back . It is held in place with a silver headband. She wears brown shoes.
Discipline: History
Dimensions: 18.00 cm (Height), 3.00 cm (Width), 6.00 cm (Length)

More information

Tagged with: clothing, souvenirs, cultural beliefs, dolls, national costumes, children s play, national identity, cultural awareness
Themes this item is part of: Muslim Collections at Museum Victoria, Identity: Yours, Mine, Ours, Immigration Museum Exhibition, 2011-2021, Childhood & Youth Collection, Clothing & Textiles Collection
Primary Classification: CULTURAL IDENTITY
Secondary Classification: Ethnicity - Clothing
Tertiary Classification: national dolls
Place & Date Made: Turkey, circa 1978
User: Mrs Monica Gates, Frankston, Victoria, Australia, circa 1976-1990
Place Depicted: Turkey

Doll is intended to represent a woman wearing traditional Turkish clothing; which is still common in Turkish villages, although without the ornamentation of this doll's dress.

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