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National Doll - Welsh, circa 1970s-1980s Object Reg. No: SH 940292

Summary:
National doll produced to represent a Welsh woman, it was given to Monica Gates, circa 1970s-1980s. The common image of women's Welsh national dress of a striped flannel petticoat, worn under a flannel open-fronted bedgown, an apron, shawl, and a cap or kerchief worn under a tall black hat, was largely developed during the 19th Century. The popularity of this symbol of Welsh identity owed much to the efforts of Augusta Hall (1802-1896) who worked hard to promote Welsh language and culture during a period when they were under threat. The costume is based on clothing worn by Welsh countrywomen during the early nineteenth century, although the tall black hat is thought to have been based on an amalgamation of men's top hats and a form of high hat worn during the 1790-1820 period in country areas.

The Gates collection contains 170 national dolls from 74 different countries and some correspondence relating to the acquisition of several of the dolls. The costumes of the dolls represent national costumes from the 19th Century to the 1990s. Monica Gates collected or was given these dolls between 1957 and 1990.

These dolls were purchased as souvenirs of particular countries and like many mass produced souvenirs they are often not accurate representations of a particular country or region, and may actually better reflect neighbouring counties or regions. This occurs because costumes are often stylised and simplified resulting dolls wearing generic costume elements which are common to many countries/regions. Often the fabrics and decorations used are selected to make the dolls cheap and easy to manufacture and aesthetically pleasing. This can result in the fabrics, colours and decorations of the doll's clothing having little or no reflection of the costume associated with a particular country or region they are meant to be representative of.
Description:
Female doll wearing a thick red skirt with a band of yellow and a band of blue stitching around the bottom.Over this she has a cream apron with lace edging. This matches the her cream shirt. Around her shoulders she has a red scarf with a brown floral design printed on it. She also has a tall black hat with cream ribbon under it. She has long black hair. Her facial features are painted on. She wears a cream petticoat and black shoes.
Discipline: History
Dimensions: 18.00 cm (Height), 7.50 cm (Width), 14.50 cm (Length)

More information

Tagged with: clothing, souvenirs, cultural beliefs, dolls, national costumes, children s play, national identity, cultural awareness
Themes this item is part of: Identity: Yours, Mine, Ours, Immigration Museum Exhibition, 2011-2021, Childhood & Youth Collection, Clothing & Textiles Collection
Primary Classification: CULTURAL IDENTITY
Secondary Classification: Ethnicity - Clothing
Tertiary Classification: national dolls
Inscriptions: On a tag attached to her hand - Happy/Dolls/MADE IN/ENGLAND
Place Made: England, Great Britain, circa 1970s-1980s
User: Mrs Monica Gates, Victoria, Australia, circa 1970s-1990s
Other Association (See Comments): Wales, Great Britain

Doll is intended to represent a Welsh woman in national costume

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