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Rifle - Lancaster Carbine, Barnett & Sons, London, 1861 Object Reg. No: ST 021834

Summary:
British Service percussion rifle, Lancaster carbine (Ordnance Model), cal. .577 in., steel rifled round barrel, 80.30cm long, bayonet mount on right hand side.

Made by John Edward Barnett & Sons, London, 1861.

Buttplate tang stamped 'G-62/ 107/ V.V' denoting use by the Victorian Volunteer forces.
Description:
Steel lock and hammer on R.H. side, brass oval triggerguard with small front spur, no sideplate, brass butt plate, two sling swivels. Barleycorn foresight that has been largely removed, graduated rear sight, barrel fastened to stock via two steel barrel bands, Nipple protector fastened to front of triggerguard via brass chain.
Statement Of Significance:
The Lancaster carbine was introduced into British service in 1855. Externally it appeared almost identical to the Pattern 1856 Short Rifle, more commonly known as the Sergeant's Model, however rather than the Short Rifle's three groove Enfield rifling, it employed the Lancaster rifling - an oval bore that varied between .016" and .018 along its two axes. Unlike the later Lancaster carbine with a reduced calibre of .568 (26 bore) - as opposed to the Ordnance Model's .577 (25 bore) - and steel furniture, the Ordnance model was finished with brass fittings, and was popular in Victoria for competitive shooting until superseded by the appearance of the reduced bore variant. Interestingly, this item has a nipple protector fitted - a feature not typical to the Ordnance Model, but standard on the reduced bore model.
Acquisition Information:
Donation from Mr William Cole, 1943
Discipline: Technology
Dimensions: 20.60 cm (Height), 5.90 cm (Width), 121.50 cm (Length)
Dimension Comment: Barrel length: 80.30cm

More information

Tagged with: rifles muskets british, rifles muskets military, victorian colonial defence forces
Themes this item is part of: Arms Collection, William Cole Arms Collection, Victorian Artillery (AKA Royal Victorian Volunteer Artillery Regiment or Permanent Artillery Corps), William Edwin James Cole, Gun Collector (1864-1952), Victorian Colonial Military, 1854-1901, Alfred Blannin, Victorian Volunteer Military Forces (1842-1889), Victorian Colonial Military Forces Units, 1854-1901, Victorian Volunteer Forces, 1854-1884
On Display at: Melbourne Museum
Primary Classification: ARMS & ARMOUR
Secondary Classification: Firearms
Tertiary Classification: longarms
Inscriptions: Stamped on barrel top: LANCASTER PATENT
Stamped on barrel top: Tower examination marks (crown over numeral)
Stamped on barrel underside: BARNETT
Stamped on barrel underside: DEAKIN
Stamped on barrel underside: 299; crown over I.J.; 15 I.J; G.F; I.J
Stamped on barrel plug underside: 15
Stamped on butt tang: G-62/ 107/ V.V
Stamped on lockplate: crown over VR; 1861/ TOWER [year of manufacture]
Stamped on lockplate back: BARNETT; I.J; J. BRAZIER; 'B' over 50
Stamped on ramrod: G 107; T & C /GILBERT; B44(? - second numeral partially illegible)
Stamped on stock L.H.side: J.JONES
Stamped on stock underside: BARNETT
Stamped on stock R.H.side in circular frame: TOWER-LONDON/ 1861, crown over broad arrow with flanking initials 'W' and 'O'
Stamped on stock R.H.side: 1
Stamped on L.H.side of rear sight: W & S
Model Name/Number: Ordnance Model
Manufacturer: John Edward Barnett (Gunsmiths), London, England, Great Britain, 1861
User: Victorian Volunteer Forces, 1854-1884, Victoria, Australia, 1861-1884
Collector: Mr William Cole, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

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