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Phenakistoscope Discs - post 1832 Image Reg. No: ST 042193

Summary:
Two double-sided phenakistoscope discs featuring sequential still images. They are components of the phenakistoscope, an animation device. These discs were interchangeable and various scenarios illustrating movement were available.

The phenakistoscope disc has a number of regularly spaced slits in the circumference of the disc. To create the animation the disc is fitted onto a central handle; the viewer then faces a mirror, with the image likewise facing the mirror. To view the animation the disc is spun, and the viewer looks through the slits at the mirror.

The phenakistoscope was part of a range of popular philosophical or optical toys created in the 19th century. Like the phenakistoscope, most attempted to create the illusion of movement using a series of static images.

These phenakistoscope discs are part of the Francis Collection of pre-cinematic apparatus and ephemera, acquired by the Australian and Victorian Governments in 1975. David Francis was the curator of the National Film and Sound Archive of the British Film Institute as well as being a co-founder of the Museum of the Moving Image in London, which was operational between 1988 and 1999.
Description Of Content:
Phenakistiscope discs. Two double-sided discs.
Acquisition Information:
Loan & Subsequent Donation from Australian Film Institute (AFI)
Discipline: Technology
Dimensions: 265 mm (Height), 195 mm (Width)

More information

Tagged with: motion picture films, pre-cinema moving images, animation, optical illusion devices, phenakistiscopes, phenakistoscopes
Themes this item is part of: Philosophical (optical) toys - the details, Philosophical (optical) toys - a summary, Francis Collection, Images & Image Making Collection, Leisure Collection
Primary Classification: RECREATION & TOURISM
Secondary Classification: Amusements
Tertiary Classification: optical devices
Format: Phenakistoscope Disc: Black & White
Collector: Mr David Francis, London, Middlesex, England, 1990
Inventor: Mr Joseph Plateau, Belgium, 1832
Inventor: Simon von Stampfer, Austria, 1832

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