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Cultivator Model - Disc, One Way, 'Sunflower', H.V. McKay, Sunshine, pre 1915 Object Reg. No: ST 007616

Summary:
Model of "Sunflower" one way disc cultivator with 13 discs. This model was made by H. V. McKay, before 1915. The cultivator was manufactured by H. V. McKay, Sunshine, Victoria, from 1906-1917.

Display label : one-way disc cultivator this "one-way" type of cultivator was manufactured at the Sunshine Harvester Works in 8, 10 & 13 disc sizes, from 1906 to 1917, when it was superseded by the form having the discs set with "undercut" (instead of upright), which gives better tilth and reduces the draught. The "one-way" type was an Australian invention, but it is not known to whom the credit for it is due. It was, however, first made in large numbers at the Sunshine Works. In it, the discs are mounted on a single "gang-bolt" in a line, while the "two-way" or "double gang" type has two sets of discs with their "gang bolts" set at an angle to one another. Prior to 1906 and back to about 1885, the disc cultivator used in Australia was of the "two-way" type, which was manufactured in Australia and largely employed, particularly in the mallee and other light soil districts. Its great fault was that it tended to produce undesirable ridges and hollows, so that the "one-way" was preferred because it left a level surface, and was almost equally light in draught.
Acquisition Information:
Donation from H.V. McKay, Sunshine Harvester Works, 1915
Discipline: Technology
Dimensions: 38.00 cm (Height), 51.50 cm (Width), 110.00 cm (Length)
Dimension Comment: Measurements taken for Australia Gallery redevelopment.

More information

Tagged with: agriculture, cultivation, industrial design, innovations
Themes this item is part of: Hugh V. McKay, Agricultural Implement & Machinery Manufacturer, Ballarat & Sunshine, Victoria, H.V. McKay Sunshine Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Sunshine Stripper Harvester, Sunshine Stripper Harvester, H.V. McKay Massey Harris Pty Ltd, Agricultural Equipment Manufacturers & Importers, Sunshine, Victoria, H.V. McKay Massey Harris Pty Ltd, Agricultural Equipment Manufacturers & Importers, Sunshine, Victoria, The Sunshine Harvester Works, Sunshine, Victoria, Australia, McKay's Brandnames
Primary Classification: AGRICULTURE & RURAL LIFE
Secondary Classification: Crop Management - Cultivation
Tertiary Classification: model cultivators
Manufacturer: H.V. McKay Pty Ltd, Sunshine, Victoria, Australia, 1906-1917
Modelmaker: H.V. McKay, Sunshine Harvester Works, Sunshine, Victoria, Australia, pre 1915
References: http://museumvictoria.com.au/sunshine/ viewed 12.05.2008 LDH
Bibliography:
  1. [Chapter] Dale-Hallett, Liza, et al. 'The McKay Collection', in Rasmussen, Carolyn. A Museum for the People: A History of Museum Victoria. p.271-273., 2001
  2. [Article] 2003. "Resurrecting the Sunshine Harvester Works: Re-presenting and Reinterpreting the Experience of Industrial Work in Twentieth-Century Australia", Labour History., 2003
  3. [Article] Dale-Hallett, Liza. 2004. "Collecting by Stealth: the HV McKay Collection", Museum Victoria Magazine., 2004

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