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Rifle - Lancaster Carbine, 1859 Object Reg. No: ST 000682

Summary:
British Service percussion rifle, Lancaster carbine (Ordnance Model), cal. .577 in., steel rifled round barrel, 80.30cm long, bayonet mount on R.H.side. Made in Birmingham, 1859.

Buttplate tang stamped 'G-62/ 172/ V.V' denoting use by the Victorian Volunteer forces.

The Lancaster carbine was introduced into British service in 1855. Externally it appeared almost identical to the Pattern 1856 Short Rifle, more commonly known as the Sergeant's Model, however rather than the Short Rifle's three groove Enfield rifling, it employed the Lancaster rifling - an oval bore that varied between .016" and .018 along its two axis. Unlike the later Lancaster carbine with a reduced calibre of .568 (26 bore) - as opposed to the Ordnance Model's .577 (25 bore) - and steel furniture, the Ordnance model was finished with brass fittings, and was popular in Victoria for competitive shooting until superseded by the appearance of the reduced bore variant.
Description:
British Service rifle percussion, Lancaster (Ordnance Model), cal. .577 in., steel rifled round barrel, 80.30cm long, bayonet mount on R.H.side stamped 'S & S.44/ 3 1'. Steel lock and hammer on R.H. side, brass oval triggerguard with small front spur, no sideplate, brass butt plate, two sling swivels. Barleycorn foresight, graduated rear sight, barrel fastened to stock via two steel barrel bands, steel ramrod stamped 'G,172'. Lockplate stamped with crown over 'VR' and '1859/ TOWER', denoting year of manufacture. Stock is stamped on R.H.side in a circular frame 'BIRMINGHAM/ 1859' and crown over a downward pointing government broad arrow with the initials 'W' and 'O' either side, stamped '1' to the R. of previous stamping. Stamped 'P.SWINBURN' under stock. Barrel top stamped 'LANCASTER PATENT' and Birmingham examiner mark of a crown over 'B'. L.H.side of barrel stamped with various examiner marks. L.H.side of stock stamped behind rear lockplate screw 'S & S, 41'. Buttplate tang stamped 'G-62/ 172/ V.V' denoting use by the Victorian Volunteer forces.
Acquisition Information:
Donation from Melbourne Armoury, 1871
Discipline: Technology
Dimensions: 20.60 cm (Height), 5.90 cm (Width), 121.50 cm (Length)
Dimension Comment: Barrel length: 80.30cm

More information

Tagged with: rifles muskets british, rifles muskets military, victorian colonial defence forces
Themes this item is part of: Arms Collection, Victorian Artillery (AKA Royal Victorian Volunteer Artillery Regiment or Permanent Artillery Corps), Victorian Colonial Military, 1854-1901, Alfred Blannin, Victorian Volunteer Military Forces (1842-1889), Victorian Colonial Military Forces Units, 1854-1901, Victorian Volunteer Forces, 1854-1884
On Display at: Melbourne Museum
Primary Classification: ARMS & ARMOUR
Secondary Classification: Firearms
Tertiary Classification: longarms
Inscriptions: Stamped on barrel top: LANCASTER PATENT
Stamped on barrel top with a crown over 'B' (Birmingham examination mark)
Stamped on barrel L.H.side: arrow and 'V'; examiner stamp; crown over 'TP' over arrow; 417 (TP - Tower Proof)
Stamped on butt tang: G-62/ 172/ V.V
Stamped on lockplate: crown over VR; 1859/ TOWER
Stamped on bayonet lug: S & S .44
Stamped on ramrod: G,172
Stamped on stock L.H.side: S & S,41
Stamped on stock underside: P. SWINBURN
Stamped on stock R.H.side in circular frame: BIRMINGHAM/ 1859, crown over broad arrow with flanking initials 'W' and 'O'
Stamped on stock R.H.side: 1
Model Name/Number: Ordnance Model
User: Victorian Volunteer Forces, 1854-1884, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862-1871

Date from Victorian Volunteer stamp '62' and from date acquired by museum from Melbourne Armoury.

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