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Research Rocket Model - Long Tom Object Reg. No: ST 025201

Rocket History

The Long Tom was the first of a series of Australian-built research or sounding rockets which included Lorikeet, Cockatoo and Kookaburra. The sounding rocket program was jointly run by Britiain and Australia and with launches taking place at Woomera in South Australia. The program started as part of atmospheric research conducted for the International Geophysical Year in 1957. Skylark rockets developed in Britain were used for the initial launches. About 400 rockets were launched before the program ceased in 1975. The 8.2m Long Tom two-stage rocket was developed at the Weapons Research Establishment as a testing vehicle for the larger Black Knight re-entry research rocket but proved to be a useful research tool in its own right. It was used between 1957 and the early 1960s when it was replaced by the High Altitude Density (HAD) and High Altitude Temperature (HAT) rockets. It used four Mayfly motors, three of which burned together as the first stage and a single motor powered the second stage. A total of 16 Long Tom rockets were launched.

Model History

This scale model of a Long Tom rocket was made by the Museum in 1962 from plans provided by the Department of Supply.
Acquisition Information:
Museum generated from Institute of Applied Science of Victoria, 1962
Discipline: Technology

More information

Tagged with: antarctic exploration, international geophysical year 1957-1958
Themes this item is part of: Engineering Collection, Transport Collection, Bristol-Ferranti Bloodhound Missile
Primary Classification: AIR TRANSPORT
Secondary Classification: Atmospheric Rockets
Tertiary Classification: model research rockets
User of Item Modelled: Australia: Defence Department, Weapons Research Establishment (WRE) Woomera Rocket Range, South Australia, Australia, 1957

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