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Photograph - by George Rayner, Beascochea Bay, Antarctica, 1927-1939 Image Reg. No: ST 041530

Summary:
Photograph taken during a series of scientific expeditions undertaken in the waters off Antarctica, during the late 1920s and 1930s. Probably taken by George W. Rayner, who was employed as a biologist on the expeditions.

The 'William Scoresby' was a purpose-designed research vessel built for the Discovery Committee by the East Yorkshire shipyard of Cook, Welton & Gemmell, at Beverley. She was named after the famous British artic explorer and scientist, William Scoresby (1789-1857), who had explored and mapped much of the Greenland coastline in the early 18th century. Described as part whale chaser, trawler and floating research laboratory, the 'William Scoresby' completed seven voyages to Antarctic waters between 1926 and 1937, operating initially with the 'Discovery' and later the 'Discovery II', based mainly out of Stanley in the Falklands and Grytviken on South Georgia. During this period her crew tagged and tracked 3,000 whales and undertook studies on plankton, fish and hydrological surveys. During her longest voyage in 1928-1930, the vessel was involved in the Second Wilkins-Hearst Antarctic Expedition, in which Sir Hubert Wilkins attempted to make the first trans-Antarctic flight, using two single-engined Lockheed Vega aircraft financed by the US newspaper tycoon William Randolph Hearst. In December 1929, one of the aircraft was loaded onto the after-deck of the 'RRS William Scoresby' at Deception Island and the ship sailed south to below the 67th parallel in an attempt to find solid pack-ice from which the place could take off using skis. After the search proved unsuccessful, floats were fitted and the plane was lowered into the water by crane for take-off. Using this method several successful flights were completed over a period of weeks, but the plane had insufficient range to attempt a full trans-Antarctic flight.
Description Of Content:
Royal Research Ship (RRS) 'William Scoresby' in pack ice, Beascochea Bay, Argentine Islands, off the West coast of Graham Land, Antarctica. The photograph appears to have been taken during the Second
Wilkins-Hearst Antarctic Expedition of 1929-1930, when an attempt was made to fly over the South Pole by plane. The Lockheed sea plane used by H. Wilkins can be seen secured on the afterdeck of the ship.
Acquisition Information:
Donation from Mrs E. Rayner, 1984
Discipline: Technology
Dimensions: 10 cm (Height), 14.3 cm (Width)

More information

Tagged with: antarctic exploration, antarctic research, antarctica, expeditions, ships
Themes this item is part of: George Rayner, Biologist & Photographer, Antarctica Collection, Images & Image Making Collection, Science & Measurement Collection, Transport Collection
Primary Classification: EXPLORATION
Secondary Classification: Antarctic
Tertiary Classification: sea transport
Original Caption: WILLIAM SCORESBY
Inscriptions: Photograph inscribed on back: 'WILLIAM SCORESBY IN PACK ICE'
People Depicted: Scoresby, William; Rayner, George
Format: Photograph: Black & White
Place & Date Depicted: Beascochea Bay, Antarctica, 1927-1939
Creator: Mr George Rayner, Beascochea Bay, Antarctica, 1927-1939

Biologist with the SS Discovery on investigations in the waters of the Falkland Islands Dependencies. Research included hydrographic surveying and whale marking.

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