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Disk Drive - CSIRAC Computer, 'Cabinet Back 3', 1956-1964 Object Reg. No: ST 044220

Summary:
The disk drive was referred to by staff and all users, in Melbourne, as the 'drum'. The original experimental auxiliary store in Sydney was in the form of cylinder hence the continued use of the term 'drum' for the replacememnt in Melbourne.

The approximate capacity of the disk drive (drum) was 5 kb in its final version, being extended from about 2.5 kb in the early 1960s. .The extension was implemented in the read section using transistors. This was the first and only use of transistors in CSIRAC. Transistors were too expensive at that time to use in the extension of the write circuitry so valves were used in that part of the implementation.

The disk itself has a diameter of 296 mm with a thickness of 16 mm. The assembly is 330 mm high, 106 mm wide at its top and 167mm at its base.

The name includes reference to 'Cabinet Back 3' even though there is no third cabinet at the back. The terminology is used simply to identify the location of the disk drive. The auxiliary memory (disk drive) occupied the space that would have been occupied by a cabinet in the back row.

The disk drive (auxilairy store) was controlled by control circuitry in Cabnet Back 2. In Melbourne, the circuitry controlled a magnetic disk. Data were initially stored on one side of the disk. In 1962, in Melbourne, the capacity was increased to include the second side using a new set of read/write circuitry using transistors.

CSIRAC at Melbourne consisted of two rows of cabinets, a control console, input and output devices, test equipment and an off-line paper tape editing area. There were nine cabinets, five in the front row and four in the back. Cool air was blown up through all the cabinets from the basement below.

The five front row cabinets contained (from left to right viewed from the front) power supplies, input and output circuitry, clock and control circuits, arithmetical circuits and memory control circuits. The four back row cabinets contained (from left to right viewed from the front) power supplies, auxiliary store control circuits, 'disk drive', auxiliary test power supplies and memory control circuits.

The date range (1956 - 1964) is given to indicate that, although the metal cabinets were first used in 1949, changes were made to the structure and circuitry over the period of CSIRAC's working life.
Acquisition Information:
Donation from Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), 1965
Discipline: Technology
Dimensions: 445 mm (Height), 547 mm (Width), 430 mm (Length)
Weight: 82 kg (Weight)
Dimension Comment: attached cables - L1820mm max.

More information

Tagged with: computers, computing, csirac computer, making history - csirac
Themes this item is part of: The significance of CSIRAC, 1949 - 1964, Information & Communication Collection, CSIRAC Collection, Trevor Pearcey, Computer Engineer & CSIRAC Specialist (1919-1998), Trevor Pearcey, 1919 - 1998: a brief biography, Trevor Pearcey, 1919 - 1998: a brief biography, Trevor Pearcey & the First Australian Computer: A Lost Opportunity?, Trevor Pearcey & the First Australian Computer: A Lost Opportunity?
Primary Classification: COMPUTING & CALCULATING
Secondary Classification: Digital Computing
Tertiary Classification: media & storage
Designer: Dr Trevor Pearcey, Australia, 1947-1949
Designer: Mr Maston Beard, 1947-1949
Commissioned By: Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1947
User: University of Melbourne (The), Parkville, Victoria, Australia, 1955-1964
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Mr Peter Thorne, Dr Doug McCann, The Last of the First CSIRAC: Australia's First Computer, Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering- The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, 2000, 2000, 9 Pages
  2. [Book], Mr Paul Doornbusch - University of Melbourne (The) Computer Science Department, the music of csirac, Common Ground Publishing, Australia, Melbourne, 2005, 2005

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