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Multiple Tuner - Marconi, Radio Receiver, circa 1908 Object Reg. No: ST 015459

Summary:
Multiple radio tuner, made by Marconi's Wireless Telegraph Company, England, circa 1908. Used with spark receivers on both land and sea. The tuner was connected between the aerial and the detector in order to select the receiving frequency. This type of technology was superseded during the First World war (1914 - 1918).

This equipment is the same model as that used on the radio system on the Titanic ship at the time of the disaster in 1912.

Three controls on the top adjust the tuning of the aerial, detector and intermediate tuned circuits; the controls are variable capacitors. On the front, the left hand control adjusts the aerial tuning inductance and the right hand control perates three ganged switches, which set the tuning range of the three controls on top. The knife switch on the top selects between standby and tuned modes.

The item on the left hand front corner is the micrometer spark gap. This was provided to bypass the radio frequency energy coming from the transmitter when the key was pressed. There was no mechanical transmit/receive switching apart from the back contact of the key which would short the headphones when the key was pressed. This allowed 'break-in' operation where the operator would be able to hear another station trying to break in during the sending of a message.
Description:
Wooden box with composition front panel and top. The top holds three large brass and composition controls, four terminals, one knife switch and a brass housing. The front panel holds one rotary switch and a three ganged switch. On one end is a rotary control.
Statement Of Significance:
The equipment is typical of early shipboard radio in the period prior to the First World War (1914 - 1918); it is rare.
Acquisition Information:
Donation from Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia) Ltd., 1924
Discipline: Technology
Dimensions: 210 mm (Height), 230 mm (Width), 480 mm (Length)

More information

Tagged with: radios, radio detectors
Themes this item is part of: Information & Communication Collection, A timeline of the development of radio, 1821 - 1914, Six significant items from the period of early radio, 1900 - 1914, Early radio: transmission and reception, 1900 - 1914
Primary Classification: COMMUNICATIONS
Secondary Classification: Radio
Tertiary Classification: receivers
Inscriptions: Engraved on top panel: MARCONI'S WIRELESS / TELEGRAPH Co Ltd / No 57835 LONDON / PATENT No 12960-07
Engraved next to terminals on top panel: AERIAL / DETECTOR / DETECTOR / EARTH
Calibration on three controls on top panel: 0 1 2 ... 9 SHORT
Knife switch on top panel: "STD BI" "TUNE"
Knobs on top panel: AERIAL TUNING CONDENSER / DETECTOR TUNING CONDENSER / INTERMEDIATE TUNING CONDENSER

Left hand knob on front panel: AERIAL TUNING INDUCTANCE / MICR-HENRIES / (scale) 0 6 25 60 110 180 270 370 500 665 840 1050 1270 1530 1820 2200 2600 3000 3400 4000 OFF
Right hand knob on front panel: TUNING SWITCH / WAVELENGTHS / (scale in metres) 80 . . .(4 steps) . . . 2800 / (scale also in feet)
Control on end: (scale) 0 10 20 30 . . . 90

Stamped on bottom of box: 57835
Manufacturer: Marconi's Wireless Telegraph Co Ltd, London, England, Great Britain, circa 1908
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Mr Peter Jensen, In Marconi's Footsteps, 1894 - 1920, Kangaroo Press, 1994, 1994, 100 Pages

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