Printing Press - Harrild, Lithographic, Unknown Date Object Reg. No: ST 046416

This is a lithographic printing press operated by hand transfer. It was manufactured by Harrild & Sons, but the date of manufacture is unknown.

The Harrild printing press was used by Melbourne firm A. Kynoch & Co. Pty. Ltd., in the process of printing sheet music. Kynoch sold the press to Jenkin & Buxton. The companies had offices near each other in Collins Street.
Music was originally engraved using metal punches for the characters on copper plates but later pewter or zinc. Only small quantities could be printed from a copper plate. The plate was proofed in a rolling press known as a copperplate press using an ordinary printer's ink roller over the plate with green or blue ink. After proofing the plate on a rolling press using lithographic transfer paper, the image was put on stone for litho printing.
This press originally held a lithographic stone. In the 19th century music writers could write on transfer paper or directly onto the stone, bypassing the time consuming method using punches. Museum Victoria holds a set of engraving tools [ST 041277], a stone and plates from Kynoch & Co
Acquisition Information:
Donation from Jenkin Australia (formerly Jenkin & Buxton), 2001
Donated through the Australian Government's Cultural Gifts Program.
Discipline: Technology
Dimensions: 410 mm (Width), 720 mm (Length)
Dimension Comment: Dimensions of tympan.

More information

Tagged with: printing equipment, music, printing presses
Themes this item is part of: Litho Printing, Music Engraving - a description of the method using a metal plate, Information & Communication Collection
Primary Classification: COMMUNICATIONS
Secondary Classification: Printing
Tertiary Classification: printers
Inscriptions: On horizontal beam: HARRILD AND SONS,MAKERS, On curved legs: "FLEET" WORKS LONDON ~ E.C. On lower horizontal beam: TRADE MARK Coat of arms circumference: PRINT MATERIEL [sic] MANUFACTURERS Flanked by "FLEET" WORKS LONDON E.C. Above flatbed on horizontal beam: HARRILD & SONS
Manufacturer: Harrild & Sons, London, England, Great Britain, Unknown
User: Jenkin & Buxton, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
User: A. Kynoch & Co Pty . Ltd, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia


Adam Crouch Posted on 02 Apr 2011 7:06 PM
I have a solid metal statue of an eagle with " Fleet Works London.E.C " i was wondering if you would know any infomation on it and what it could be worth?
Discovery Centre Posted on 09 Apr 2011 3:06 PM
Museum Victoria Comment
Hi Adam, it's hard for us to give information with such a brief description and no image. Some information about Fleet Works can be found on the Fleetville Diaries site. If you have a sculpture you may wish to contact a museum in London such as the Victoria & Albert, which might have a good knowledge of English metalworks.
Malcolm Hull Posted on 03 Dec 2012 3:06 AM
Hi Adam, time has passed since your original enquiry but if you still have the eagle emblem then it is most likely to be a counterbalance weight from a George Clymer Columbian 'eagle' press. From an American design by Clymer, these heavy duty iron hand presses presses were manufactured under licence in London by a number of manufacturers from the early part of the.1820s onwards. This press and its British-designed peers such the Albion and the Stanhope would be the mainstay of many of many jobbing printers right up to the early years of the 20th century. The Columbian Eagle press is iconic amongst the printing presses of the Victorian era. You have a piece of that history that is well worth preserving.
Discovery Centre Posted on 03 Dec 2012 11:30 AM
Museum Victoria Comment
Malcolm, thank you for that fascinating information!
Steve Posted on 06 Mar 2015 7:36 PM
I just found this post whilst searching for information on an 'Eagle' press manufactured by Harrild and Sons. A little note of correciton: the 'Fleet' Works referred to on your eagle statue are not situated in Fleetville (outside of London), but rather at a location in the heart of London near Fleet St (

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