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Traffic Control Signal - Marshalite, 1940-1960 Reg. No: ST 028827
- A clockface type traffic control signal, designed by Charles Marshall in 1936-37 and manufactured by his manufacturing engineering firm Charles Marshall Pty Ltd, of Fitzroy. This type of signal was used at about 35 Melbourne intersections between 1940 and the 1960s. A hand on the clockface swept through red, yellow and green sections of the face to indicate stop and go intervals. The prototype Marshalite unit was installed at the Gertrude Street and Brunswick Street intersection in Fitzroy in 1940. After a dispute with the Fitzroy Council over the legality of this first signal, it was later removed. The next example was positioned at the corner of Johnson Street and Brunswick Street, Fitzroy in 1945. The last Marshalite to be removed was located on the Nepean Highway in Seaford.
Charles Marshall designed these signals so that motorists and pedestrians would know how much time they had to enter and cross the intersection before the signal turned to red. The requirement to alter the mechanism to automatic control in peak hours, increasing traffic volume and an unfortunate tendency for motorists to race the changes brought about the end of the Marshalite. These signals were progressively replaced with standard traffic lights.
The Museum's Marshalite was donated in 1973 by the Eagle Signal Co. in poor condition. It was restored to operating condition and repainted in 1991 for use in the first Scienceworks exhibition. It is now displayed at Melbourne Museum.
- Tall metal stand supporting large dial with two faces. Both stand and faces are painted. The mechanism inside the stand causes the hands on the faces of the dial to rotate. On the top of the signal are three arms which extend outwards in front of the faces, holding lamps.
- Acquisition Information:
- Donation from Eagle Signal Company Australia Pty Ltd, 1973
|Dimensions:||4800 mm (Height), 1550 mm (Width)|
|Dimension Comment:||METAL BASE PLATE MEASURES 96.0 x 96.0 (cm)|
|Tagged with:||traffic controls, marshalite|
|Themes this item is part of:||Engineering Collection, Transport Collection|
|Primary Classification:||ROAD TRANSPORT|
|Secondary Classification:||Traffic Management & Safety|
|Tertiary Classification:||traffic signals|
|Maker:||Charles Marshall Pty Ltd, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia, 1938-1950|