Coin - Dirham, Caliph al-Walid I, Umayyad Caliphate,708-709 AD Numismatics Reg. No: NU 33664

Summary:
Dihram coin issued by Al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik (Al-Walid I ).
Struck at the Aradashir-Khurrat mint (Firuzabad near Shiraz in Iran) in the year AH 90 (709 AD).
Note: the mint name has also been given as Ardesheer Khurrah and Ardashir-Khurra.
Statement Of Significance:
The coinage reform which led to the issue of this coin began in 77 AH (696-697 AD) under the Umayyad Caliph 'Abd al-Malik. It removed all symbolism associated with Byzantine or Sassanian rule. Instead a purely inscriptional coin-type, giving in Arabic (script and language) the Muslim confession of faith, and various Qur'anic verses were employed.
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 26 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 2.87 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: religions islam, arabic language
Themes this item is part of: Numismatics & Philately Collection
Primary Classification: COINS
Secondary Classification: Umayyad Caliphate - Farsistan
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
DateEra: 90 AH
Denomination: Dirham
Obverse Description: At centre Arabic legend in three lines (translation: 'There is no deity except God alone He has no equal); around Arabic legend (translation: 'In the name of God. This Dirham was struck in Dimashk in the year nine and eighty'.
Reverse Description: At centre within a circle of dots Arabic legend in four lines (translation: 'God is one God the eternal and indivisible who has not begotten and has not been begotten and never is there His equal'); around Arabic legend (translation: 'Muhammad is the messenger of God He sent him with guidance and the true religion to reveal it to all religions even if the polytheists abhor it'.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: Centre text translation 'There is no deity except God alone He has no equal'. Text around translation 'In the name of God. This Dirham was struck in Dimashk in the year nine and eighty'.
Reverse: Centre text translation 'God is one God the eternal and indivisible who has not begotten and has not been begotten and never is there His equal'. Text around translation 'Muhammad is the messenger of God He sent him with guidance and the true religion to reveal it to all religions even if the polytheists abhor it'.
Shape: round
Material: Silver
Issued By: al-Walid I, Farsistan, Ummayyad Caliphate
Mint: Firuzabad (Mint)
References: BMC.44
http://islamiccoins.ancients.info/umayyads/readingumayyadcoins.htm
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Stanley Poole - British Museum Coins and Medals, Catalogue of Oriental Coins in the British Museum, London, 1875, 8 Pages

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