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Token - Halfpenny, Henry J. Hall, Christchurch Coffee Mills, New Zealand, circa 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3774

Copper Halfpenny Token, minted by W.J. Taylor of London. Issued by Henry J. Hall, Christchurch, New Zealand, circa 1862. Henry Hall was a grocer, wine and spirit merchant and ran a coffee mill. He arranged for two mints to strike tokens, W.J. Taylor in London, and Stokes in Melbourne. Hall issued nineteen penny token varieties, and three halfpennies. They were very simply designed, with text and no graphic elements.
A round copper token (28 mm diameter). The token features the name and business of the issue together with the denominationr: Henry J. Hall, Christchurch Coffee Mills, family grocer, wine and spirit merchant.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 28 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 8.736 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: coffee, grocers, retail trade, retailing, wine spirit merchants, nz.chch, christchurch
Themes this item is part of: Henry Joseph Hall, Agriculturalist & Grocer, Christchurch, New Zealand (circa 1835-1896), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, United Kingdom, Alfred Chitty Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: New Zealand
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1862 AD
Denomination: Halfpenny
Obverse Description: Across centre, HALF / PENNY around, HENRY J. HALL CHRISTCHURCH COFFEE MILLS
Reverse Description: Across centre, H.J. HALL around, FAMILY GROCER WINE & SPIRIT MERCHANT
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Henry Hall - Christchurch Coffee Mills, Christchurch, Canterbury, South Island, New Zealand, circa 1862
Mint: W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, England, Great Britain, circa 1862
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
References: Although Hall employed two mints to strike his penny tokens, W.J. Taylor and Stokes. Only Taylor struck the halfpenny denomination. He later, c. 1880, used the Hall halfpenny die with dies of Dease and Livy to make mules. Die identification is the basis of standard references and the museum storage system and for the halfpenny is straightforward.

Obverse Other
A HALF PENNY at centre

Reverse Other
1 H.J. HALL at centre
2 LEATHER & GRINDERY at centre
3 E.F. DEASE at centre

The following die combinations have been recorded:
Original strikes: A/1
Late strikes: A/2, 1/3
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 161
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 90
  3. [Book], William Lampard, Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes, Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand Incorporated, Wellington, 1981, No. 322
  4. [Book], Vaughn Humberstone, Merchants Making Money, 2010

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