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Token - 1 Penny, Clarkson & Turnbull, Timaru, New Zealand, 1865 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3618

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by an unknown British Mint. Issued by Clarkson & Turnbull, Timaru, New Zealand, 1865. The firm of Clarkson and Turnbull was founded in 1863 at Timaru. The Principals were David Clarkson and Richard Turnbull. Timaru was only declared a Port of Entry in 1861, so it was still quite a young settlement when Clarkson and Turnbull opened their store. Their premises were of particular note in the township, 'a two-storey building at the corner of George Street and the South Road, whose cost would be about 2,500 [pounds]; plate glass for the windows was being imported from England at a cost of about 150 [pounds].' The business was the first to export flour from Timaru 'which since then has been continuous.' The partnership was disrupted on 9 December 1868 by a fire that consumed their premises, among a total of 30 buildings destroyed. After their premises were destroyed Clarkson & Turnbull dissolved their partnership. David Clarkson returned to Christchurch and Robert Turnbull remained in Timaru, carrying on their business in his own name.

Previous Collections: Hon. William M.K. Vale
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The piece features the name, address and business of the issuer: Clarkson & Turnbull, general importers, drapers clothiers &c., Timaru. The reverse features a view of the local breakwater and lighthouse with a two-funnelled three masted steam sailing ship docking and a crowd of 14 people waiting on the breakwater.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.248 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: clothing trade, drapers, import trade, lighthouses, shipping
Themes this item is part of: Clarkson & Turnbull, Drapers, Timaru, New Zealand, Clothing & Textiles Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Transport Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, William Mountford Kinsey Vale, Politican (1833-1895)
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: New Zealand
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1865 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Around a circle of beads, CLARKSON & TURNBULL 1865 within in five lines, GENERAL / IMPORTERS / DRAPERS / CLOTHIERS / &c
Reverse Description: View of the local breakwater and lighthouse with a two-funnelled three masted steam sailing ship docking and a crowd of 14 people waiting on the breakwater. Above, NEW ZEALAND, in exergue, TIMARU
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: CLARKSON & TURNBULL GENERAL IMPORTERS DRAPERS CLOTHIERS &c. 1865
Reverse: NEW ZEALAND TIMARU
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Clarkson & Turnbull, Timaru, Canterbury, South Island, New Zealand, 1865
Previous Collection: Honourable William Vale
References: Although only one reverse die was needed to manufacture this issue, three slightly different obverses were employed with it. Identification of the die combination used to manufacture a particular token is the basis of the standard references and the museum storage system. The three obverse dies can be recognised by:

Obverse Rim border GENERAL verticle stroke of L of GENERAL
A denticles 15.8 mm to vertical stroke of R
B beads 15.9 mm to vertical stroke of R
C beads 17.5 mm to middle of R

The following die combinations have been recorded: A/1, B/1, C/1 (this token)
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 71
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 43/3
  3. [Book], William Lampard, Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes, Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand Incorporated, Wellington, 1981, No. 312b
  4. [Book], Vaughn Humberstone, Merchants Making Money, 2010

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