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Token - 1 Penny, J. MacGreggor, Sultan's Steam Coffee Works & City Tea Warehouse, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, circa 1868 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4058

Bronze One Penny Token, probably minted by Heaton and Sons, Birmingham. Issued by J. MacGreggor, Sultan's Steam Coffee Works & City Tea Warehouse, Sydney, circa 1868. James MacGregor's first business opened in 1855 at 464 Elizabeth Street. In 1861 he moved to 204 Pitt Street, between King and Hunter Streets. His success led him to move to 320 George Street in 1865, and he continued to do well in business for another couple of years. Unfortunately, the tokens he commissioned from Heaton and Sons, Birmingham, arrived in 1868, the same year the N.S.W. Government decided to demonetise tokens. This issue consequently holds the doubtful honour of being the last in N.S.W. and the entire issue is thought to have been sold for scrap, at a significant loss for MacGregor.

Previous Collections: Hon. W.M.K. Vale
A round bronze token (31 mm diameter). The token design featues the name, address and business of the issuer:
J. MacGregor, 320 George Street Sydney, City Tea Warehouse and The Sultan's Steam Coffee Works. The reverse features a Coat of Arms with emu and kangaroo supporters and the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 31 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 9.698 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: coffee, retailing, shops, steam power, tea
Themes this item is part of: James MacGregor, Grocer, Sydney, New South Wales (circa 1820-?), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, William Mountford Kinsey Vale, Politican (1833-1895)
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - New South Wales
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1868 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre within circle of dots; J.MACGREGOR / 320 / GEORGE STREET / SYDNEY; around THE CITY TEA WAREHOUSE . * . Border of 175 denticles
Reverse Description: Arms of New South Wales with motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA on ribbon below; ESTABLISHED 1855 above and below within a circle of dots; around, . THE SULTAN'S STEAM COFFEE WORKS . SYDNEY. Border of 172 beads, the first 5 of the date re-entered.
Edge Description: Plain
Shape: Round
Material: Bronze
Issued By: J. MacGregor - The Sultan's Steam Coffee Works & City Tea Warehouse, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1868
Previous Collection: Honourable William Vale
References: Samson's National Directory of New South Wales for 1867-1868;
'Tokens of George Street,' May, T, in 'Australian Numismatist', 1988 (Special Bicentennial Edition), pp21-36.

"These are believed to have been the last tokens issued in New South Wales, as they were only received in the Colony just as the Act suppressing tokens was passed" Andrews p. 67

"The last copper or bronze idssue in N.S.W. in 1868" Heyde p.57
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 339
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 154

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