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Token - 1 Penny, Alfred Toogood, Rainbow Tavern, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1855 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 11592

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by W.J.Taylor, London. Issued by Alfred Toogood, Rainbow Tavern, Sydney, 1855. Alfred Toogood was listed as the publican at the Rainbow Tavern between 1855 and 1867. Neither Toogood nor the Rainbow Tavern appear in Sands' Sydney Directories for 1869 or 1870. Toogood was evidently a well regarded member of his community. In 1857 he was nominated as a candidate for the Cook ward of the Sydney Council. It appears that the Rainbow Tavern was an entertainment venue, as well as offering accommodation and meals. Toogood regularly advertised the performers and their acts in the Herald.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token design featuring the name, general business and address of the issuer: A. Toogood, Merchant, Pitt & King St. Sydney. The reverse features a female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her and a three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm bare and right draped to near the elbow. Above, AUSTRALIA, in exergue, 1855; sailing ship in background.

This token has been cleaned and the reverse (which is weakly struck and damaged at the top) has re-toned olive green
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 15.400 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: retail trade, retailing
Themes this item is part of: Alfred Toogood, Publican, Sydney, New South Wales (circa 1820s-1867), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, United Kingdom, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - New South Wales
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1855 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: A. TOOGOOD / MERCHANT / PITT & KING ST. / SYDNEY
Reverse Description: Female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her and a three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm bare and right draped to near the elbow. Above AUS[TR]ALIA; in exergue, 1855.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: A. TOOGOOD MERCHANT PITT & KING ST. SYDNEY
Reverse: AUSTRALIA 1855
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Alfred Toogood, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1855
Mint: W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, England, Great Britain, 1855
Previous Collection: Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch
References: Two obverse dies were employed in the manufacture of this token issue. The easiest test of which die was employed on any particular token is the distance between the Y at the end of SYDNEY and the S of St.; on this type it is 2.0 mm. On the other die it was 3.0 mm see eg. NU4456.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 587
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 255/2

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