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Token - Halfpenny, Weight & Johnson, Drapers & Outfitters, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, circa 1857 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 11630

Summary:
Copper Halfpenny Token, minted by Heaton & Son, Birmingham. Issued by Weight & Johnson, Drapers & Outfitters, Sydney, circa 1857. J.W. Weight & James Johnson, drapers, are listed in two Sydney Directories (Sand's Directories for 1857-1858 and 1861-1862). Over the period 1851-1870, John Weight was the only draper of that surname listed in Sydney directories, other than this four-year interlude where J.W. Weight is listed as a principal of Weight & Johnston.
Description:
A round copper token (28 mm diameter). The token design featuring the name, business and address of the issuer: Weight & Johnson, drapers and outfitters, Liverpool and London House, Pitt St. Sydney. It features a female figure representing Justice standing facing left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground among the fruit the letter G. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm is draped to near the elbow while drapery falls from her extended arm to below the horizon line behind. A three-masted sailing ship on horizon at left of token.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 29 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 8.395 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: clothing, drapers, retailing, shops
Themes this item is part of: Heaton & Sons Mint, Birmingham, England, Weight & Johnson, Drapers, New South Wales, Australia, Clothing & Textiles Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - New South Wales
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1857 AD
Denomination: Halfpenny
Obverse Description: WEIGHT & JOHNSON / DRAPERS &C / LIVERPOOL / & / LONDON HOUSE / 249 & 251 PITT ST. / SYDNEY
Reverse Description: Female figure representing Justice standing facing left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground among the fruit the letter G. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm is draped to near the elbow while drapery falls from her extended arm to below the horizon line behind. A three-masted sailing ship on horizon at left of token. This token has been cleaned and the reverse has re-toned olive-green.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: WEIGHT AND JOHNSON DRAPERS & OUTFITTERS LIVERPOOL & LONDON HOUSE PITT ST. SYDNEY
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Weight & Johnson, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1850-1867
Mint: Heaton & Sons (Mint)
Previous Collection: Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch
References: The museum's storage is based around identification of the particular obverse die employed to strike a token.

The Weight & Johnson halfpenny issue employed four slightly different obverse dies. Identification is a little difficult:
If there is no dot under the T of ST after PITT it is either die C or E for the museum's storage system, if then the lowest point D of DRAPER is between the letters LI of LIVERPOOL it is die C, else, with the point of the D above the letter I, it is die E.

If there is a dot under the T of ST after PITT it is either die B or D for the museum's storage system, if then the verticle stroke of the numeral 4 would extend between the letters ON of LONDON it is die B, else, if the extension would pass through the first verticle stroke of the letter N, it is die D.

This token was struck with obverse die B
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 617
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 272/2

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