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Token - Halfpenny, Weight & Johnson, Drapers & Outfitters, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, circa 1857 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4514

Summary:
Copper Halfpenny Token, minted by Heaton & Son, Birmingham. Issued by Weight & Johnson, Drapers & Outfitters, Sydney, circa 1857. J.W. Weight & James Johnson, drapers, are listed in two Sydney Directories (Sand's Directories for 1857-1858 and 1861-1862). Over the period 1851-1870, John Weight was the only draper of that surname listed in Sydney directories, other than this four-year interlude where J.W. Weight is listed as a principal of Weight & Johnston.

Previous Collections: National Gallery of Victoria
Description:
A round copper token (28 mm diameter). The token design featuring the name, business and address of the issuer: Weight & Johnson, drapers and outfitters, Liverpool and London House, Pitt St. Sydney. It features a representation of Justice standing blindfolded holding scales and an inverted cornucopiae spilling fruit on the ground. A sailing ship is on the horizon.
This token has been cleaned and varnished, the obverse has an area of fine pitting to the left of the central "&".
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 29 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 7.772 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: clothing, drapers, retailing, shops
Themes this item is part of: Heaton & Sons Mint, Birmingham, England, Weight & Johnson, Drapers, New South Wales, Australia, Clothing & Textiles Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - New South Wales
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1857 AD
Denomination: Halfpenny
Obverse Description: WEIGHT & JOHNSON / DRAPERS &C / LIVERPOOL / & / LONDON HOUSE / 249 & 251 PITT ST / SYDNEY
Reverse Description: Justice blindfolded standing facing to left on beach; extends balanced scales in right hand and holds inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow in left onto the ground; sailing ship in background at left.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: WEIGHT AND JOHNSON DRAPERS & OUTFITTERS LIVERPOOL & LONDON HOUSE PITT ST SYDNEY
Shape: Round
Material: Bronze
Issued By: Weight & Johnson, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1850-1867
Mint: Heaton & Sons (Mint)
Previous Collection: National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) Numismatics Collection, pre 1976
References: The museum's storage is based around identification of the particular obverse die employed to strike a token.

The Weight & Johnson halfpenny issue employed four slightly different obverse dies. Identification is a little difficult:
If there is no dot under the T of ST after PITT it is either die C or E for the museum's storage system, if then the lowest point D of DRAPER is between the letters LI of LIVERPOOL it is die C, else, with the point of the D above the letter I, it is die E.

If there is a dot under the T of ST after PITT it is either die B or D for the museum's storage system, if then the verticle stroke of the numeral 4 would extend between the letters ON of LONDON it is die B, else, if the extension would pass through the first verticle stroke of the letter N, it is die D.

This token was struck with obverse die E, the only die where the Y of points between the two T's of PITT.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 619
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 272/4

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