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Token - 1 Penny, Whitty & Brown Mint, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, circa 1860 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 11648

Summary:
Australia New South Wales Sydney
Whitty & Brown Token Penny c.1860 (AD)
Mint: Whitty and Brown

Standard References: Andrews 630 = Heyde 202/3
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token does not include the name the issuer and manufacturer: Whitty & Brown, Sydney, but the shared reverse die and characteristic poor workmanship make it clear that this company was responsible. It features a ram facing left and a representation of Justice standing blindfolded holding scales and an inverted cornucopiae spilling fruit on the ground. A sailing ship is on the horizon. The die work is of poor quality and the token weakly struck it has been cleaned and the reverse has re-toned green.

This token was struck during the third stage of the obverse and second stage of the reverse dies. The stages of deterioration of the obverse die are recognised by the development of projections from the base of the ground into the exergue area, on this token there is two large projections, one from from the right side the second from the centre. The edge of the die was just beginning to break, at the N of PLENTY and to the A of AND. Stage 1 of the reverse is easiest to recognise by the fold of cloth which curves over the right shoulder and arm of Justice, on Stage 2 it is reformed as a sleeve squared off half way down the arm.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.600 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: art, farm animals, sheep
Themes this item is part of: Whitty & Brown Mint, Medal Makers, Sydney, New South Wales, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - New South Wales
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1860 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Ram standing facing left; around above, PEACE AND PLENTY; around below, . SYDNEY N.S.W.
Reverse Description: Justice blindfolded standing facing to left on beach; extends balanced scales in rirgh hand and holds inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground, in left; sailing ship in background at left.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: PEACE AND PLENTY SYDNEY N.S.W.
Reverse: NEW SOUTH WALES
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Whitty & Brown (Mint), Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Mint: Whitty & Brown (Mint), Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1850-1868
Previous Collection: Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch
References: Andrews 630 = Heyde 202/3

The museum storage system is based on the die combination not on the deterioration stages of the dies. These are however noted in the description and are characterised as follows:
The stages of deterioration of the obverse die are recognised by the development of projections from the base of the ground into the exergue area, on this token there is one large projection from the right side. Stage 1 has no die flaw projections, stage 2 has a single projection and stage 3 has two projections and the edges of the die break up (this token) .

Stage 1 of the reverse is easiest to recognise by the fold of cloth which curves over the right shoulder and arm of Justice, on Stage 2 it is reformed as a sleeve squared off half way down the arm.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967

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