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Token - 1 Penny, Milner & Thompson, Canterbury Music Depot, Christchurch, New Zealand, 1881 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 11435

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Stokes & Martin, Melbourne. Issued by Milner & Thompson, Canterbury Music Depot, Christchurch, 1881. Milner & Thompson's Music store, the Canterbury Music Depot, was opened in 1874 by Robert Thompson, some time soon afterwards he took John Milner into partnership and they worked together for 21 years. When Milner retired Thompson continued in the business until he passed it to his sons in 1907. The business was bought by Charles Begg and Co. in 1920, and was still a going concern in 1950. Milner & Thompson were the last issuers of tokens in New Zealand. The firm had a number of novel advertising schemes, in addition to the tokens. They installed a 'phantom piano' on the ground floor, which was set up to give the appearance of being played, while it was in fact being operated from a keyboard and set of pedals installed in the basement below. Thompson also ran a Booking Office for plays from the store from 1881, the first production advertised being staged by the Montague-Turner Opera Co. of Sydney.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name and business of the issuer: Milner & Thompson, Canterbury Music Depot & Pianoforte Warehouse, Christchurch around a group of musical instruments set inside a radiate olive wreath with a winged cherub head set at the top. The reverse features a scene of a Maori warrior standing on an island in front of a palm tree. He holds a large square shield on the ground with his right hand and a weapon in his left. The shield is quartered with plants in each sector, a kiwi emerges walking left from behind the shield. In the sea behind the prow of a war canoe can be seen to the left of the kiwi and a mountainous island is seen in the background. This token has been cleaned and the obverse re-toned green.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 12.480 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: kiwis birds, maori culture, maoris, music
Themes this item is part of: Milner & Thompson, Canterbury Music Depot, Christchurch, New Zealand, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: New Zealand
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1881 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: A group of musical instruments set inside a radiate olive wreath with a winged cherub head set at the top, around,
MILNER & THOMPSON CANTERBURY MUSIC DEPOT & PIANOFORTE WAREHOUSE below CHRISTCHURCH / 1881
Reverse Description: Maori warrior standing on an island in front of a palm tree. He holds a large square shield on the ground with his right hand and a weapon in his left. The shield is quartered with plants in each sector, a kiwi emerges walking left from behind the shield. In the sea behind the prow of a war canoe can be seen to the left of the kiwi and a mountainous island is seen in the background. Around, NEW ZEALAND
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: MILNER & THOMPSON CANTERBURY MUSIC DEPOT & PIANOFORTE WAREHOUSE CHRISTCHURCH 1881
Reverse: NEW ZEALAND
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Milner & Thompson, Canterbury Music Depot, Christchurch, Canterbury, South Island, New Zealand, 1881
Mint: Stokes & Martin, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1881
Previous Collection: Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch
References: This token belongs to the large (34 mm) diameter Series 1 issue of Milner & Thompson. Two obverse and two reverse dies were employed in manufacturing this series with the two reverses being used together to manufacture an anonymous token. Die identification is the basis of standard references and the museum storage system, they can be identified as follows:

Obverse Cherub Head ER & TH
A small short ray to &
B large long ray to &
Reverse
1 Scene of Maori warrior before palm tree
2 Tattoed bust of Maori warrior

The following die combinations have been recorded: A/1 (this token), B/2, 1/2

For details of the small (32 mm) diameter series 2 tokens see eg. NU 4127
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 376
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 177
  3. [Book], William Lampard, Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes, Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand Incorporated, Wellington, 1981, No. 334
  4. [Book], Vaughn Humberstone, Merchants Making Money, 2010

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