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Token - 1 Penny, Alfred Nicholas, Liverpool Tea Warehouse, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, circa 1854 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 11471

Summary:
Copper one Penny Token, minted by an unknown British Mint, circa 1854. Issued by Alfred Nicholas, of the Liverpool Tea Warehouse, Hobart. Nicholas established a retail warehouse, offering goods such as sugar, brandy, ale and tobacco. He also took a keen interest in the colony's administration and was a member of the Tasmanian Legislative Assembly in 1858 and 1859, representing Hobart and Kingsborough.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) featuring the name, address and business of the company which issued the tokens: Alfred Nicholas, Liverpool Tea Warehouse, Liverpool St., Hobart Town. The reverse features Britannia seated on a rock facing to left holding an olive branch extended in her right hand and resting a trident on her left forearm; above, BRITANNIA. This token has been cleaned and has rin knocks.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 33 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.476 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: tea trade
Themes this item is part of: Alfred Nicholas, Wholesaler, Hobart, Tasmania (1828-?), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Tasmania
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1854 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Legend in five lines, ALFRED NICHOLAS / LIVERPOOL / TEA WAREHOUSE / LIVERPOOL ST. / HOBART TOWN; the first and last lines are curved.
Reverse Description: Britannia seated facing left holding a branch and trident, shield with union Jack rests at right, ship in background at left; above, BRITANNIA
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: ALFRED NICHOLAS LIVERPOOL TEA WAREHOUSE LIVERPOOL ST. HOBART TOWN
Reverse: BRITANNIA
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Alfred Nicholas - Liverpool Tea Warehouse, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, 1854-1864
Previous Collection: Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch
References: Two Britannia reverse dies were needed to complete this issue with the single obverse. The first reverse broke from the ear to the breast of Britannia (see NU 4170). The simplest method of identification of the reverse dies is from the exact position of the central prong of the trident in relation to the letter second N from BRITANNIA it can be confirmed by measuring the distance from the last A to the sea horizon line:

Reverse Central prong Type A to Horizon
2 right corner of N Britannia 9.0 mm
3 centre of N Britannia 10.0 mm

Obverse A and reverse 1 are related to the earlier A. Nicholas / Liverpool Arms type

Recorded die combinations: B/2 (this token), B/3
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 402
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 193/2

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