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Coin - 1 Pound, Cracked Die, Adelaide Assay Office, South Australia, Australia, 1852 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3030

Summary:
Australia South Australia Adelaide
One Pound 1852
Struck from the first die which cracked very early in production
Mint: Adelaide Assay Office

This was not really a coin, but a coin-shaped ingot guaranteed to be worth a pound. The Colony of South Australia backed their valuation by giving exact details of the purity (22 carats) and weight (5 pennyweight and 15 grains) of the piece. It was made from gold brought to South Australia from the Victorian goldfields in 1852. Although production was technically illegal, these pieces were made by the South Australian government to solve a major problem in the local economy caused by people leaving for the gold fields and taking most of the colony's money with them. By the time the written request for authority to make the pieces had arrived in England and the refusal returned to Adelaide, the Assay Office had opened, solved the problem by issuing the tokens and closed.
Description:
A gold coin (23 mm diameter milled edge but has been used as jewellery and edge milling is very worn) with, on the obverse at the centre a crown within an ornate circle; below, 1852; around, * GOVERNMENT ASSAY OFFICE * ADELAIDE. and on the reverse at the centre within ornate circle in three lines, VALUE / ONE / POUND; around, * WEIGHT 5 DWT: 15 GRS: * 22 CARATS.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 23 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 8.397 g (Weight)

More information

Themes this item is part of: Numismatics & Philately Collection, HM Queen Victoria (1819-1901)
Primary Classification: COINS
Secondary Classification: Australia - South Australia
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Assay Office
DateEra: 1852 AD
Denomination: 1 Pound
Obverse Description: At centre a crown within ornate circle; below, 1852; around, *GOVERNMENT ASSAY OFFICE* ADELAIDE.
Reverse Description: At centre within ornate circle, VALUE / ONE / POUND; around, * WEIGHT 5 DWT: 15 GRS: * 22 CARATS Die cracked through D of DWT
Edge Description: milled, fine
Inscriptions: Obverse: GOVERNMENT ASSAY OFFICE ADELAIDE 1852
Reverse: VALUE ONE POUND WEIGHT 5 DWT 15 GRS 22 CARATS
Shape: Round
Material: Gold
Issued By: HM Queen Victoria, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 1852
Mint: Adelaide Assay Office
Artist: Joshua Payne
References: Andrews No.724
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921

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