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Token - 1 Penny, John Henderson, Pawnbroker, Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia, 1878 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 11210

Summary:
Bronze One Penny Token, minted by Stokes & Martin, Melbourne. Issued by John Henderson, Pawnbroker, Fremantle, 1878. This was the last trade token issue in Australia.
Description:
A round copper token (31 mm diameter) with the name, address and business of the issuer: John Henderson, Peckenham St. Freemantle (sic) W.A., Pawnbroker. The obverse features a coat of arms with a swan as crest and kangaroo and emu supporters. The reverse depicts a large building with a flag-staff on the roof.The manufacturers name STOKES & MARTIN MELBOURNE is in small letters on the obverse.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 31 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 9.655 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: pawnbrokers, swans
Themes this item is part of: Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Western Australia
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1878 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre a coat of arms with a swan as crest and kangaroo and emu supporters. The shield is quartered by a cross with a star at the centre and at the end of each arm, top left, three-masted sailing ship, top right, golden fleece, lower left, crossed pick and spade, lower right, wheat-sheaf. The shield is set above a bouquet of rose, thistle and shamrock set above a ribbon with the Latin motto TANDEM MOVETUR. Around above, JOHN HENDERSON; below, PAWNBROKER; in tiny letters below ribbon the makers name, STOKES & MARTIN MELBOURNE
Reverse Description: At centre a small group of buildings; below, ONE PENNY / TOKEN; around, PACKENHAM STREET FREEMANTLE W.A.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: JOHN HENDERSON PAWNBROKER TANDEM MOVETUR STOKES & MARTIN MELBOURNE
Reverse: ONE PENNY TOKEN PACKENHAM STREET FREEMANTLE W.A.
Shape: Round
Material: Bronze
Issued By: John Henderson - Pawnbroker, Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia, 1878
Mint: Stokes & Martin (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1878
Previous Collection: Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch
References: Henderson issued dated tokens in 1874 and undated pieces in 1878. The 1874 issue required one obverse (Obverse A) and two Reverses (1 and 2) to manufacture.
Obverse A has the makers name in small letters at the rim to left and right of the Arms, the ear of the kangaroo points to the middle of the N of JOHN
Reverse 1 has the date below the house, the F of FREEMANTLE is entered twice and the flag-mast points to the second N of PENNY.
Reverse 2 has the date below the house, the flag-mast goes between the two N's of PENNY.

The second issue (without date) began with Obverse A and a new Reverse (3). Then two new obverses were introduced Obverse B has the makers name below the ribbon and the ear of the kangaroo is below the right corner of the letter N, the letters ST of STOKES ar above the letter A of PAWNBROKER
Obverse C has the makers name below the ribbon and the ear of the kangaroo is to the right of the letter N, the letters TO of STOKES are above, and touch, the letter P of PAWNBROKER
Reverse 3 has the words ONE PENNY / TOKEN below the house.

The following die combinations are known Issue 1: A/1, A/2; Issue 2: A/3, B/3, C/3 (this token)
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 223
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 103/3

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