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Coin - Half Sovereign, Australia, 1863 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3143

Summary:
Australia New South Wales Sydney
Sydney Mint Half Sovereign, 1863 (AD)
Mint: Sydney
Description:
A gold coin (19 mm diameter with milled edge) featuring a head of Queen Victoria facing left and wearing a wreath of banksia with the date 1863 below. The reverse features the word AUSTRALIA below a royal crown within a wreath of laurel and with the words SYDNEY MINT above and HALF SOVEREIGN below.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 19 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 3.902 g (Weight)

More information

Themes this item is part of: Royal Mint, Medal Makers, Sydney, New South Wales, Numismatics & Philately Collection, HM Queen Victoria (1819-1901), Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Leonard Charles Wyon, Engraver (1826-1891)
Primary Classification: COINS
Secondary Classification: Australia
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Sydney Mint
DateEra: 1863 AD
Denomination: Half Sovereign
Obverse Description: Head of Queen Victoria facing left and wearing a wreath of banksia which is plaited, the date 1863 below; around, VICTORIA D:G: BRITANNIAR: REG: F:D:
Reverse Description: At centre within a laurel wreath AUSTRALIA under a royal crown; above, SYDNEY MINT; below, HALF SOVEREIGN
Edge Description: milled
Inscriptions: Obverse: VICTORIA D:G: BRITANNIAR: REG: F:D: 1863
Reverse: SYDNEY MINT AUSTRALIA HALF SOVEREIGN
Shape: Round
Material: Gold
Issued By: HM Queen Victoria, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Mint: Royal Mint, Sydney Branch, 1863

Half sovereigns bearing this date were all struck in June 1863. The mintage figure was 150,000; the higher figure normally reported reflects the use of 1862 dated dies in 1863. See References.
Artist: Leonard Wyon - Royal Mint, London
References: The following table is taken from Sharples, J.P. "Early Gold Production at the Melbourne & Sydney Mints" Australian Numismatist (forthcoming 2005) and relates to a survey of Sydney mint gold half sovereigns in circulation in Melbourne in 1883 together with standard references to mintage levels by Greg McDonald (based on Annual Reports) and Graham Dyer (based on monthly returns to London from the Sydney Mint).

Figure 2. Sydney Mint Half Sovereigns

Sydney Survey
Date 1883 survey McDonald Dyer Dyer's observations
1855 2 21000 21000
1856 20 478000 478000
1857 12 499000 537000
1858 9 483000 483000
1859 15 341000 341000
1860 8 156000 156000
1861 19 186000 367500 Includes 190000 struck in 1863
1862 8 210000 215000 Struck in 1863
1863 8 348000 150000 Struck in June 1863
1864 7 141000 240000 Struck in 1865
1865 4 62000 104000 42000 struck in1865; 62000 struck in 1867
1866 5 154000 154000 Struck April 1869

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