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Token - 1 Penny, J. Caro & Co, General Ironmongers, Christchurch, New Zealand, circa 1863 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3600

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Stokes, Melbourne. Issued by J. Caro & Co, General Ironmongers, Christchurch, circa 1863. J. Caro & Co was established in 1860 in High Street, Christchurch. The founder, J. Caro, sold it to Solomon Nashelski and his nephew in 1864. The business traded as S&H Nashelski until 1876, when it became S. Nashelski. In 1880 it was sold to Edward E. Ashby and L. Bergh, and it became a limited liability company in 1899. The business was still trading in 1950. In addition to trading as ironmongers, advertisements suggest that, in the late nineteenth century, the company was in the building trade, actually constructing buildings as well as selling the fittings for them.

Previous Collections: George McArthur
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The piece features the name, address and business of the issuer: J. Caro & Co. High Street, Christchurch. The reverse features a ploughman at work.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 13.505 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: agriculture, ironmongers, ploughing, ploughmen, ploughs
Themes this item is part of: J. Caro & Co., General Ironmongers, Christchurch, New Zealand, George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, McArthur Bequest
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: New Zealand
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1863 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre within a line circle, J. CARO / & CO / HIGH ST. around above and below, GENERAL IRONMONGERS : CHRISTCHURCH :
Reverse Description: A man operating a small animal drawn plough to right, the handles and reins shown; around above, TRADE AND AGRICULTURE; below in small letters the makers name, STOKES MELB
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: J. CARO & CO HIGH ST. GENERAL IRONMONGERS CHRISTCHURCH
Reverse: TRADE AND AGRICULTURE STOKES MELB
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Caro, J. & Co. General Ironmongers, Christchurch, Canterbury, South Island, New Zealand, circa 1863
Mint: Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1860-1872
Previous Collection: George McArthur
References: -The Canterbury Branch of the Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand. They Made their Own Money: The Story of Early Canterbury Traders & their Tokens. 1950: pp. 18-23.

This is an original token that has circulated. The late strikes were in the nineteenth century as George McArthur had examples and are therefore not part of the c. 1920 restrikes thought to be related to Chitty. Andrews 63 is described as a larger piece, his rubbing in his manuscript show it to have the characteristic die orientation, weak letter H and die crack of the later strikes.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 62
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 39
  3. [Book], William Lampard, Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes, Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand Incorporated, Wellington, 1981, No. 309
  4. [Book], Vaughn Humberstone, Merchants Making Money, 2010

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