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Medal - Federation of the World, the World's Language, Cole's Book Arcade, Victoria, Australia, circa 1885 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 20012

Summary:
Aternative Name: Token
Issued: Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Medal, Cole's Book Arcade, Federation of the World, the World's Language, circa 1885. This gilt medal is one of a series of medals offering maxims and proverbs issued by E.W. Cole at his Book Arcade. He called the medals 'little missionaries for the spread of educative knowledge' (Dean, 1988, p.36).

According to Sydney Endacott, an employee of Cole, customers were charged three pence for these medals (which he prefers to call tokens) which, when the Arcade was particularly busy, gave them admission to the second-hand books gallery where the orchestra played. Each medal could be exchanged for thee pence worth of goods, but most were kept. The pierced ones were sometimes worn as pendants or on pocket watch chains. The medals served as perpetual advertisements of the Arcade (Victorian Historical Magazine, February 1962). George Dean suggests that the medals were also given in change at Christmas time, and could be used to operate amusement machines (presumably including the symphonion and hens, although these only required one penny to operate).

Cole had his first medal stuck in 1879 and his last one about 1903. The medals were variously gilded, silvered or bronzed, replicating the coinage then circulating, or plated with nickel or white metal. The medal blanks were usually made of copper or brass, but some might have been bronze; aluminium was also sometimes used. In all, perhaps 300,000 medals were struck, in 97 types. Only 50 types are known to have circulated (George Dean, 1988, A Handbook on E.W. Cole: His Book Arcade, Tokens and Medals).
Description:
A gilt bronze medal (31 mm diameter) featuring a tree fern and a thought provoking maxim.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 31 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 10.35 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: advertising, booksellers, languages, retailing, world federation, india.coile.2 ana1846, sign
Themes this item is part of: Edward William Cole, Bookseller (1832-1918), Cole's Book Arcade Collection, George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Public Life & Institutions Collection
Primary Classification: MEDALS
Secondary Classification: Commemorative
Tertiary Classification: commerce & retailing
Series: Cole's Book Arcade Medals
DateEra: circa 1885 AD
Obverse Description: Tree fern in centre; around above, THE WORLD'S LANGUAGE to left of fern, EVENTUALLY / ONE LANGUAGE / ONLY IS CERTAIN / TO PREVAIL / THROUGHOUT / THE WORLD / AND AT THE / RATE / THE to right, ENGLISH IS / NOW SPREADING IT / SEEMS DESTINED / TO SUPERSEDE / ALL OTHER / LANGUAGES / & BECOME THE / UNIVERSAL / ONE
Reverse Description: Above rainbow, FEDERATION OF THE WHOLE WORLD / AT THE / RATE MANKIND / ARE NOW PROGRESSING / IN LITERATURE, SCIENCE, / EDUCATION, COMMERCE, / POLITICS, MORALS, HUMANITY, / FRIENDLY INTERCOURSE AND / PRACTICAL COMMON SENSE / THE EARLY FEDERATION OF / THE WORLD IS INEVITABLE / READER DO YOUR BEST TO HELP IT ON below rainbow in tiny letters, FEDERATION OF THE / WORLD MEDALS / ISSUED / BY E.W. COLE / BOOK ARCADE MELBOURNE
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: THE WORLD'S LANGUAGE EVENTUALLY ONE LANGUAGE ONLY IS CERTAIN THROUGHOUT THE WORLD AND AT THE RATE THE ENGLISH IS NOW SPREADING IT SEEMS DESTINED TO SUPERSEDE ALL OTHER LANGUAGES & BECOME THE UNIVERSAL ONE
Reverse: FEDERATION OF THE WHOLE WORLD AT THE RATE MANKIND ARE NOW PROGRESSING IN LITERATURE, SCIENCE, EDUCATION, COMMERCE, POLITICS, MORALS, HUMANITY, FRIENDLY INTERCOURSE AND PRACTICAL COMMON SENCE THE EARLY FEDERATION OF THE WORLD IS INEVITABLE READER DO YOUR BEST TO HELP IT ON FEDERATION OF THE WORLD MEDALS ISSUED BY E.W. COLE BOOK ARCADE MELBOURNE
Shape: Round
Material: Gilt
Issued By: Cole's Book Arcade, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, circa 1885
References: Chitty 21; Dean 29
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], George Dean, A Handbook on E.W. Cole, His Book Arcade, Tokens & Medals, Tarragindi, 1988
  2. [Book], Cole Turnley, Cole of the Book Arcade: a Biography of E.W. Cole, Cole Publications, Hawthorn, 1974
  3. [Article] 1973. A Tribute to E.W. Cole. Australian Numismatist. 27 (10): 5-10.
  4. [Catalogue] Morrison, Ian. 2003. The Baker of Maldon.
  5. [Thesis] Lugton, Mary E. 1989. George McArthur of Maldon: his Life and his Book Collection.

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