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Token - Halfpenny, Hide & De Carle, Grocers & Wine Merchants, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1858 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 11269

Summary:
Copper Halfpenny Token, minted by Heaton & Sons, 1858. Issued by Hide & De Carle, Grocers & Wine Merchants, Melbourne, 1858.

Thomas Hide and Edward De Carle formed a partnership in 1857. They had both been running their own businesses in Melbourne for several years beforehand. They founded a Grocery, Wine and Spirit merchant's business on Elizabeth Street, which lasted until 1861. Their business also included a land and estate agency. Hide and De Carle issued a total of 16 types of penny and half penny tokens, eight in 1857 and eight in 1858. All the tokens were struck by Heaton and Sons of Birmingham.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: Hide & DeCarle, Elizabeth St. Melbourne, Grocers and wine merchants. The token features at centre of the obverse a male lion standing to left with head crowned facing front, its right paw is raised and rests on a shield bearing the Union Jack, its tail curved back over its body. On the reverse a female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her, its end decorated with a cross to hint at a Union Jack (as found beside Britannia on the copper coins of the period). A three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. Justice wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm bare and right draped to near the elbow. It bears the date 1858. This token shows the reverse die crack reaching the hand of Justice, it has been cleaned
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 28 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 7.459 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: grocers, wine spirit merchants
Themes this item is part of: Hide & De Carle, Grocers, Wine & Spirit Merchants, Melbourne, Victoria, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Heaton & Sons Mint, Birmingham, England, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1858 AD
Denomination: Halfpenny
Obverse Description: At centre within two concentric rings of text devided by a beaded circle, a male lion standing to left with head crowned facing front, its right paw is raised and rests on a shield bearing the Union Jack, its tail curved back over its body. Around, .HIDE & DE CARLE. GROCERS & WINE MERCHANTS / . ELIZABETH STREET . MELBOURNE
Reverse Description: Female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her, its end decorated with a cross to hint at a Union Jack (as found beside Britannia on the copper coins of the period). A three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. Justice wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm bare and right draped to near the elbow. Around above; MELBOURNE, VICTORIA. in exergue; 1858. There is a die crack from the rim between the letters BO to the right hand of Justice.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: HIDE & DE CARLE. GROCERS & WINE MERCHANTS ELIZABETH STREET MELBOURNE
Reverse: MELBOURNE, VICTORIA. 1858
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Hide & De Carle, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1858
Mint: Heaton & Sons (Mint), Birmingham, England, Great Britain, 1857
Previous Collection: Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch
References: Hide and DeCarle made issues of trade token penny and halfpenny denominations in 1857 and 1858. The tokens were manufactured by Heaton & Sons, Birmingham with well made and difficult to distinguish dies. The year 1857 saw the need for three obverse (called A. B and C) and two reverse (called 1 and 2) penny dies together with two obverse (called D and E) and two reverse (called 3 and 4) halfpenny dies. 1858 saw an additional two penny obverses (F and G) with four new reverses (5, 6, 7 and 8) while one new halfpenny reverse die was called upon (Reverse 9).

Die breaks, changes of die alignment and the technique of die linking have permitted the full sequence of production to be suggested (see Sharples NAA 7 pp36 - 40). Token storage reflects the original sequence of production, while earlier catalogues aimed only to catalogue different die combinations.

The dies were well made and clearly employed hubbing for the main pictorial elements. However, the entering of the lettering permits die identification even before characteristic breaks. Greatest accuracy of identification is by measuring spacing between certain letters or by specific letter alignment. Andrew's descriptions based on phrases like "less space", "higher" etc. make certainty of identification impossible.

Summary of die characteristics
1857 Penny obverse dies Penny Reverse dies
Die M to E E to T last T of Street Die E, to V
A 3.5 mm 3.7 mm between NT 1 3.7 mm
B 6.0 mm 5.8 mm between TS 2 4.3 mm
C 3.0 mm 3.0 mm to N
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 246
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 107/5
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 83

Comments

bernadette stratford Posted on 17 Mar 2010 9:41 PM
hi my name is bernadette stratford

Token - Halfpenny, Hide & De Carle, Grocers & Wine Merchants, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1858

Reg. No: NU 11269

This is the coin i have it belonged to my grandfather. Could you please tell me how he got it or were they given out and how much its worth.
Thank you
Discovery Centre Posted on 26 Mar 2010 12:07 PM
Museum Victoria Comment
Hi Bernadette. These type of trade tokens were often produced by merchants, originally to combat the shortage of small change in Melbourne. They had the added advantage of being good marketing material for the company. You might find our page on Australian Traders'Tokens interesting http://museumvictoria.com.au/discoverycentre/infosheets/australian-traders-tokens/ Unfortunately we can't give valuations but our Question of the Week on obtaining coin valuations should help you out http://museumvictoria.com.au/discoverycentre/discovery-centre-news/coin-valuations/
R. D. de Carle Posted on 12 Dec 2010 7:18 AM
The tokens were minted as early as 1855, as I have an 1855 in my collection. I have accumulated several of these trade tokens as de Carle is my family.
R. D. de Carle

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