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Token - Halfpenny, O.H. Hedberg, Oil & Colour Stores, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, circa 1860 Reg. No: NU 3844
- Copper Halfpenny token, minted by W.J. Taylor of London, circa 1860. Issued by O.H. Hedberg, owner of Oil & Colour Stores, in Hobart, Tasmania.
Hedburg was originally from Sweden but settled in Hobart in 1844 and became involved in the whaling industry. After the decline of the whaling industry in the mid-1850s, he opened a business as a produce merchant and commission agent in Argyle Street, Hobart, it is from this business his tokens were issued.
Hedberg's main issue was quite standard, being a penny and a halfpenny. However it is confused by the existence of a large number of patterns, mules and late strikes. The regular series of issued tokens had no pictorial element. A second group of penny token patterns offered a variety of forms of the seated Australia while the third group, provide a variety of mules in both penny and halfpenny denominations and should be considered late strikes.
- A round copper token (28 mm diameter) featuring the name address and business of the issuers O.H. Hedberg, Swedish House Argyle St. Hobart Ton (sic) oil & color stores. The denomination is given on the reverse in two lines, half penny. This token is worn on the obverse.
- Acquisition Information:
- Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), Mr Alfred Chitty, 1976
|Dimensions:||28 mm (Diameter)|
|Weight:||6.659 g (Weight)|
|Tagged with:||paints, retail trade, retailing|
|Themes this item is part of:||Olof Hilmer Hedberg, Whaler & Merchant, Hobart, Tasmania (1817-1884), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, United Kingdom, Alfred Chitty Collection|
|Primary Classification:||TRADE TOKENS|
|Secondary Classification:||Australia - Tasmania|
|Tertiary Classification:||working strikes|
|DateEra:||circa 1860 AD|
|Obverse Description:||Across centre in two lines, O.H. / HEDBERG around, ARGYLE ST. HOBART TON * OIL & COLOR STORES *|
|Reverse Description:||Across centre in two lines, HALF / PENNY around . O.H. HEDBERG . SWEDISH HOUSE HOBART TON|
|Inscriptions:||Obverse: O.H. HEDBERG ARGYLE ST. HOBART TON OIL & COLOR STORES
Reverse: O.H. HEDBERG SWEDISH HOUSE HOBART TON HALF PENNY
|Issued By:||O Hedberg, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia|
|Mint:||W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, England, Great Britain, 1855-1865|
|Previous Collection:||Mr Alfred Chitty|
The production of Hedberg's halfpenny issue required three obverse dies and two reverses. The numbering of the dies continues on from the penny issues, patterns and mules. The tokens saw extensive use and are difficult to differentiate when worn.
Obverse top bar O.H. HEDBERG L to C Stop form
D 4.1 mm 8.6 mm 15.8 mm 2.6 mm *
E 6.0 mm 8.0 mm 16.5 mm 3.6 mm *
F 6.0 mm 8.6 mm 15.8 mm 2.6 mm .
Reverse HALF PENNY T of TON aligned
11 8.4 11.0 above top of PENNY
12 8.1 10.6 to top of PENNY
The following die combinations are recorded D/11, E/11 (this token), E/12, F/11, D/E