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Token - 1 Penny, Alliance Tea Co, Christchurch, New Zealand, 1866 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 11005

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Stokes, Melbourne. Issued by the Alliance Tea Co, Christchurch, 1866. The Alliance Tea Company of Christchurch was perhaps 'one of the earliest businesses in Christchurch,' (Canterbury, 1950). The token advertises a wide range of groceries for sale at the store, beyond just tea, including 'Italian Warehouse Fancy Goods...Coffees, Fruits and Spices.'
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The piece features the name, address and business of the issuer: Alliance Tea Company, Italian Warehouse, opposite the Bank of New Zealand dealers in Fancy Goods, teas, coffees, spices and fruit.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.796 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: coffee, fancy goods, retail trade, retailing, spice trade, tea, nz.chch, christchurch
Themes this item is part of: Alliance Tea Company, Christchurch, New Zealand, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: New Zealand
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1866 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Legend in seven lines, the first curved around the rim; ALLIANCE TEA COMPANY / OPPOSITE / BANK OF / NEW ZEALAND / ROBERT THOMPSON / MANAGER / 1866
Reverse Description: At centre in four lines, ITALIAN / WAREHOUSE / FANCY / GOODS around, TEAS COFFEES FRUITS & SPICES . 1866 .
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: ALLIANCE TEA COMPANY OPPOSITE THE BANK OF NEW ZEALAND ROBERT THOMPSON MANAGER 1866
Reverse: ITALIAN WAREHOUSE FANCY GOODS TEAS COFFEES FRUITS & SPICES 1866
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Alliance Tea Company, Christchurch, Canterbury, South Island, New Zealand, 1866
Mint: Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1866
Person Named: Mr Robert Thompson - Alliance Tea Company, Christchurch, Canterbury, South Island, New Zealand, 1866
Previous Collection: Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch
References: Although two obverse and two reverse dies were employed for this issue, only two forms of the token are recorded: A/1 and B/2. Die identification is the basis of standard references and the museum storage system. The dies are:

Obverse border line along bases of ZEALAND
A denticles to Y
B beads between NY

Reverse FANCY decorative point on lower back of G from GOODS
1 16.5 mm between TE
2 17.2 mm to T
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 7
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 7/1
  3. [Book], William Lampard, Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes, Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand Incorporated, Wellington, 1981, No. 301
  4. [Book], Vaughn Humberstone, Merchants Making Money, 2010

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