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Token - Halfpenny, W.D. Wood, Montpellier Retreat Inn, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, circa 1854 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 11660

Summary:
Australia Tasmania Hobart
W.D. Wood Token Halfpenny c. 1854
Mint: Uncertain British

Standard References: Andrews 642 = Heyde 280
Other Details: W.D. Wood ran the Montpellier Retreat Inn in Hobart Town and was a wine and spirit merchant. This token was issued at the same time as the penny type struck with dies B/2, see References for details of die identification.
Description:
A round copper token (28 mm diameter) featuring the name, address and business of the company which issued the tokens: W.D. Wood, Montpellier Retreat Inn, Hobart Town, wine and spirit merchant. The reverse features a corner view of the inn with the front door open a flag staff and trees can be seen above the building. This token has been cleaned and the reverse has re-toned dark green.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 28 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 8.342 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: hotels, inns, wine spirit merchants
Themes this item is part of: W.D. Wood, Hotelier, Montpellier Retreat Inn, Hobart, Tasmania (1821-1866), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Tasmania
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1854 AD
Denomination: Halfpenny
Obverse Description: Legend in seven lines, ONE HALFPENNY TOKEN / PAYABLE / ON DEMAND HERE / MONTPELLIER RETREAT / INN, / HOBART TOWN / W.D. WOOD
Reverse Description: Corner view of hotel with flag-pole behind; above, MONTPELLIER RETREAT INN; BELOW, W.D. WOOD
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: ONE HALFPENNY TOKEN PAYABLE ON DEMAND HERE MONTPELLIER RETREAT INN HOBART TOWN W.D. WOOD
Reverse: MONTPELLIER RETREAT INN W.D. WOOD
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: W Wood - Montpellier Retreat Inn, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, 1850-1855
Previous Collection: Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch
References: Andrews 641 = Heyde 279

Wood issued two types of penny tokens. The one, dated 1855 is classified as dies A/1 as dated pieces are listed before undated in Andrews. However the heavier weight of the second type argues that it is the earlier, dies B/2. Further, it offers the statement "payable on demand here Montpellier Retreat Inn" also suggesting an earlier issue. This halfpenny denomination, dies C/3, bears the same promise and was issued at the same time.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967

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