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Token - Halfpenny, Robert Hyde & Co, Marine Store, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1861 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3971

Summary:
Copper Halfpenny Token, minted by Heaton & Sons of Birmingham, circa 1861. Issued by Robert Hyde & Co, Marine Store, Melbourne. Hyde's Marine Store was listed in a Melbourne directory for the first time in 1862. Between 1863 and 1865 he was listed as being in a partnership with Richard Hodgson (Hyde, Hodgson & Co.). In 1868 his Marine Store became a Rag Merchant's business, before becoming a Marine Store for 1869 and 1870. The firm's principal business was dealing in second hand and scrap goods.

Previous Collections: George McArthur
Description:
A round copper token (28 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: Robert Hyde & Co. Melbourne. General Marine Store. On the reverse a coat of arms consisting of a central shield below a Rising Sun supported by an emu at left and kangaroo at right all resting on a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. The shield is quartered and contains: upper left - a golden fleece; upper right - a three-masted sailing ship; lower left - a bull standing facing left; lower right an anchor. Around above, PEACE & PLENTY; below, the date of issue, 1861.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 28 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 8.722 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: glass, marine stores, rags, recycling, shipping
Themes this item is part of: Heaton & Sons Mint, Birmingham, England, Robert Hyde & Co., Merchants, Melbourne, Victoria, George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Transport Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, McArthur Bequest
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1861 AD
Denomination: Halfpenny
Obverse Description: At centre within a line circle, GENERAL / MARINE / STORE / - / SHIPPERS OF / RAGS GLASS / METALS / &c.; around above, ROBERT HYDE & CO; around below, MELBOURNE
Reverse Description: Coat of Arms consisting of a central shield below a Rising Sun supported by an emu at left and kangaroo at right all resting on a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. The shield is quartered and contains: upper left - a golden fleece; upper right - a three-masted sailing ship; lower left - a bull standing facing left; lower right an anchor. Around above, PEACE & PLENTY below, 1861.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: ROBERT HYDE & CO MELBOURNE GENERAL MARINE STORE SHIPPERS OF RAGS GLASS METALS &c
Reverse: PEACE & PLENTY 1861 ADVANCE AUSTRALIA
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Robert Hyde & Co., Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1861
Mint: Heaton & Sons (Mint), Birmingham, England, Great Britain, 1861
Previous Collection: George McArthur
References: The firm of Robert Hyde & Co. issued trade tokens dated 1857 and 1861. Both issues appear to be the work of Heaton & Sons, Birmingham rather than W.J. Taylor as earlier thought (See Sharples JNAA.7 p.45). Standard references and the museum's storage are based on identification of the die combinations employed to manufacture the tokens.

Issue of 1857
Penny: Obverse A with Reverse 1 - no variations

Halfpenny: Obverse B with Reverse 2 then Obverse C with Reverse 2 the quick check for obverse die is the position of the & at the bottom of the central legend. If it is directly under the down stroke of the letter T it is Obverse B, if it is between the letters ET it is obverse C

Issue of 1861
Penny: Obverse A with Reverse 3 then Obverse D with reverse 3 (Obv.A broke from the rim below the R of ROBERT to the right side of the central bar see NU 3963) like the halfpenny dies, the quick check for obverse differentiation is the position of the & at the bottom of the central legend. If it is directly under the down stroke of the letter T it is Obverse B, if it is between the letters ET it is obverse C

Halfpenny: Four obverse dies were used to strike the 1861 issue Obv. C, E, F and G with a single reverse die, Rev. 4. Differences in the obverse dies are very slight. Obv.C and Obv.E have serifs at the top of the letter E at the end of the words MARINE and STORE, on both Obv. F and Obv. G that serif is missing. Obv C has a slight doubling of the letter N of MELBOURNE and on some examples shows a die crack between the letters ER of ROBERT. Obv. E has a slight entry of a letter M to the left of the M of MARINE. Obv. F has the first stroke of the letter R of RAGS directly below the first stroke of the H of SHIPPERS while on obverse G it is between the SH, much closer to the S. Obv.G has a small die crack on some examples to the C of Co. The following table of key measurement is also helpful in die differentiation:

Obverse diameter inner circle RAGS GLASS Serif E
Bibliography:
  1. [Thesis] Lugton, Mary E. 1989. George McArthur of Maldon: his Life and his Book Collection.
  2. [Catalogue] Morrison, Ian. 2003. The Baker of Maldon.
  3. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 287
  4. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 130/5
  5. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 104

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