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Medal - Transvaal War Relief of Mafeking, Australia, 1900 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 21084

Summary:
Australia
Relief of Mafeking, 16th may 1900 (AD)
Mint: not recorded
Baden Powell
Other Details: Mafikeng is the capital of the North West administrative province (formerly British Bechuanaland), South Africa, 870 miles north-east of Cape Town It is built on the open veldt by the banks of the Upper Molopo. Mafikeng was originally the headquarters of the Barolong tribe of Bechuana. In the 1880s a Barolong chief granted land to British mercenaries, who founded a settlement named Mafikeng, a local Tswana word meaning 'place of stones' (later British settlers spelt the name as Mafeking). On the outbreak of the Anglo-Boer War in 1899 Mafeking was laid siege by the Boers. The commander of the garrison was Colonel, later Lord, Baden-Powell, who defeated an attack by the Boers just before the arrival of British reinforcements. He used his practical scouting skills to great advantage during the seige, organising men into groups, using survival skills and rewarding successes. The siege and relief of the town after 217 days excited sympathy in England, and when it was relieved exuberant rejoicings, called mafficking, erupted in London on the news. Baden-Powell became a hero, and on his return to England founded the Scouting Movement.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 23 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 4.91 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: boer war 1899-1902, british transvaal war 1899-1900, scouting movement, wars conflicts, siege of mafeking 1899-1900
Themes this item is part of: Public Life & Institutions Collection, Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, Colonel & Scouting Founder (1857-1941), Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, Boer War, South Africa, 1899-1902
Primary Classification: MEDALS
Secondary Classification: Commemorative
Tertiary Classification: military history
Series: Australian Commemorative Medals
DateEra: 1900 AD
Obverse Description: Baden Powell in uniform with broad rimmed hat; at left, COLONEL / BADEN- / POWELL; at right, DEFENDER / OF / MAFEKING
Reverse Description: around, * RELIEF OF MAFEKING * MAY 1900; at center within circle, AND / BADEN- / POWELL / THE HERO / WHO KEPT THE / FLAG FLYING / FOR OVER / 215 DAYS
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Plain (edge)
Baden Powell in uniform with broad rimmed hat; at left, COLONEL / BADEN- / POWELL; at right, DEFENDER / OF / MAFEKING (obverse)
around, * RELIEF OF MAFEKING * MAY 1900; at center within circle, AND / BADEN- / POWELL / THE HERO / WHO KEPT THE / FLAG FLYING / FOR OVER / 215 DAYS(reverse)
Shape: Round with hole
Material: Gilt Bronze
Issued By: Australia
Mint: Stokes & Sons, Victoria, Australia, 1900
Person Depicted: Colonel Robert Baden-Powell, 1900
References: Car.1900/9

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